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Issue 06/2021

  • Text
  • Cellulose
  • Bags
  • Flexibles
  • Films
  • Coatings
  • Co2
  • Wwwbioplasticsmagazinecom
  • Packaging
  • Sustainable
  • Products
  • Renewable
  • Recycling
  • Carbon
  • Biobased
  • Plastics
  • Materials
  • Bioplastics
Highlights: Coating Films, Flexibles, Bags Basics: Cellulose based bioplastics

Materials Custom-made

Materials Custom-made PHA formulations PHAradox makes the next step to custom PHA based development Helian Polymers (Belfeld, The Netherlands) positions itself as a bridge between raw material suppliers and converters. With its nearly fifteen years of experience in biopolymers it is uniquely suited to transform its industry and material knowledge into effective application development and help customers to go from idea to product and make the transition from traditional plastics to PHA based solutions. Through its new brand PHAradox, launched this summer, it has formed strategic partnerships with the likes of Tianan Biologic (China) and CJ BIO (South Korea) amongst others. With access to their products (various PHA family members) Helian Polymers is able to utilize these natural building blocks and create unique formulations designed to mimic properties of, say, PP and ABS. By copying, or at least approaching, the properties and thus the functionality of these materials the transition is easier to make and to communicate with converters and customers alike. Almost 2 years of R&D lab-scale compounding, combining various PHA grades like P3HB / PHBV / PHBHx and P3HB4HB including various fillers has resulted in dozens of potentially commercial grades with a wide variety of characteristics. By working closely with its customers Helian Polymers creates shared value with its unique and custom-made PHA based formulations. Both innovative startups and existing brands, looking for replacement materials, have found their way to Helian Polymers to discuss ideas and let them evolve to sustainable business Helian Polymers compound pilot line in Belfeld, The Netherlands cases. There are currently more than ten projects in active testing phases, varying from horticulture to leisure sportswear and from food packaging to tool casings. Operating from the south of the Netherlands, near the German border, Helian Polymers has its own in-house compounding pilot line, testing and warehousing facilities (entirely powered by solar energy, to keep in line with its environmentally conscious philosophy). Keeping everything under one roof ensures flexibility and a fast turnaround when it comes to the development of new biobased and biodegradable materials. MT The Maxado tool case injection moulding test at GL Plastics (Son, The Netherlands) with custom made PHA based PHAradox formulation by Helian Polymers. (Used with permission) 24 bioplastics MAGAZINE [06/21] Vol. 16

fossil available at Refining Polymerisation Formulation Processing Use renewable Depolymerisation Solvolysis Thermal depolymerisation Enzymolysis Purification Dissolution Recycling Conversion Pyrolysis Gasification allocated Recovery Recovery Recovery conventional © | 2021 © | 2020 PVC EPDM PMMA PP PE Vinyl chloride Propylene Unsaturated polyester resins Methyl methacrylate PEF Polyurethanes MEG Building blocks Natural rubber Aniline Ethylene for UPR Cellulose-based 2,5-FDCA polymers Building blocks for polyurethanes Levulinic acid Lignin-based polymers Naphtha Ethanol PET PFA 5-HMF/5-CMF FDME Furfuryl alcohol Waste oils Casein polymers Furfural Natural rubber Saccharose PTF Starch-containing Hemicellulose Lignocellulose 1,3 Propanediol polymer compounds Casein Fructose PTT Terephthalic Non-edible milk acid MPG NOPs Starch ECH Glycerol p-Xylene SBR Plant oils Fatty acids Castor oil 11-AA Glucose Isobutanol THF Sebacic Lysine PBT acid 1,4-Butanediol Succinic acid DDDA PBAT Caprolactame Adipic acid HMDA DN5 Sorbitol 3-HP Lactic acid Itaconic Acrylic PBS(x) acid acid Isosorbide PA Lactide Superabsorbent polymers Epoxy resins ABS PHA APC PLA available at ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ O OH HO OH HO OH O OH ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ HO OH O OH O OH © | 2021 All figures available at Adipic acid (AA) 11-Aminoundecanoic acid (11-AA) 1,4-Butanediol (1,4-BDO) Dodecanedioic acid (DDDA) Epichlorohydrin (ECH) Ethylene Furan derivatives D-lactic acid (D-LA) L-lactic acid (L-LA) Lactide Monoethylene glycol (MEG) Monopropylene glycol (MPG) Naphtha 1,5-Pentametylenediamine (DN5) 1,3-Propanediol (1,3-PDO) Sebacic acid Succinic acid (SA) © | 2020 nova Market and Trend Reports on Renewable Carbon The Best Available on Bio- and CO2-based Polymers & Building Blocks and Chemical Recycling Automotive Bio-based Naphtha and Mass Balance Approach Status & Outlook, Standards & Certification Schemes Bio-based Building Blocks and Polymers – Global Capacities, Production and Trends 2020 – 2025 Polymers Carbon Dioxide (CO 2) as Chemical Feedstock for Polymers Technologies, Polymers, Developers and Producers Principle of Mass Balance Approach Building Blocks Feedstock Process Products Intermediates Use of renewable feedstock in very first steps of chemical production (e.g. steam cracker) Utilisation of existing integrated production for all production steps Allocation of the renewable share to selected products Feedstocks Authors: Michael Carus, Doris de Guzman and Harald Käb March 2021 This and other reports on renewable carbon are available at Authors: Pia Skoczinski, Michael Carus, Doris de Guzman, Harald Käb, Raj Chinthapalli, Jan Ravenstijn, Wolfgang Baltus and Achim Raschka January 2021 This and other reports on renewable carbon are available at Authors: Pauline Ruiz, Achim Raschka, Pia Skoczinski, Jan Ravenstijn and Michael Carus, nova-Institut GmbH, Germany January 2021 This and other reports on renewable carbon are available at Chemical recycling – Status, Trends and Challenges Technologies, Sustainability, Policy and Key Players Production of Cannabinoids via Extraction, Chemical Synthesis and Especially Biotechnology Current Technologies, Potential & Drawbacks and Future Development Commercialisation updates on bio-based building blocks Plastic recycling and recovery routes Bio-based building blocks Evolution of worldwide production capacities from 2011 to 2024 Primary recycling (mechanical) Virgin Feedstock Renewable Feedstock Monomer Polymer Plastic Product Secondary recycling (mechanical) Tertiary recycling (chemical) Secondary valuable materials CO 2 capture Chemicals Fuels Others Plant extraction Chemical synthesis Cannabinoids Plant extraction Genetic engineering Biotechnological production Production capacities (million tonnes) 4 3 2 1 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2024 Product (end-of-use) Quaternary recycling (energy recovery) Energy Landfill Author: Lars Krause, Florian Dietrich, Pia Skoczinski, Michael Carus, Pauline Ruiz, Lara Dammer, Achim Raschka, nova-Institut GmbH, Germany November 2020 This and other reports on the bio- and CO 2-based economy are available at Authors: Pia Skoczinski, Franjo Grotenhermen, Bernhard Beitzke, Michael Carus and Achim Raschka January 2021 This and other reports on renewable carbon are available at Author: Doris de Guzman, Tecnon OrbiChem, United Kingdom Updated Executive Summary and Market Review May 2020 – Originally published February 2020 This and other reports on the bio- and CO 2-based economy are available at Levulinic acid – A versatile platform chemical for a variety of market applications Global market dynamics, demand/supply, trends and market potential HO O O OH diphenolic acid O O H 2N OH O levulinate ketal O OH O OH 5-aminolevulinic acid O O O O levulinic acid OR levulinic ester O O ɣ-valerolactone OH HO H N O O O succinic acid 5-methyl-2-pyrrolidone OH Succinic acid – From a promising building block to a slow seller What will a realistic future market look like? Pharmaceutical/Cosmetic Acidic ingredient for denture cleaner/toothpaste Antidote Calcium-succinate is anticarcinogenic Efferescent tablets Intermediate for perfumes Pharmaceutical intermediates (sedatives, antiphlegm/-phogistics, antibacterial, disinfectant) Preservative for toiletries Removes fish odour Used in the preparation of vitamin A Food Bread-softening agent Flavour-enhancer Flavouring agent and acidic seasoning in beverages/food Microencapsulation of flavouring oils Preservative (chicken, dog food) Protein gelatinisation and in dry gelatine desserts/cake flavourings Used in synthesis of modified starch Succinic Acid Industrial De-icer Engineering plastics and epoxy curing agents/hardeners Herbicides, fungicides, regulators of plantgrowth Intermediate for lacquers + photographic chemicals Plasticizer (replaces phtalates, adipic acid) Polymers Solvents, lubricants Surface cleaning agent (metal-/electronic-/semiconductor-industry) Other Anodizing Aluminium Chemical metal plating, electroplating baths Coatings, inks, pigments (powder/radiation-curable coating, resins for water-based paint, dye intermediate, photocurable ink, toners) Fabric finish, dyeing aid for fibres Part of antismut-treatment for barley seeds Preservative for cut flowers Soil-chelating agent Standards and labels for bio-based products Authors: Achim Raschka, Pia Skoczinski, Raj Chinthapalli, Ángel Puente and Michael Carus, nova-Institut GmbH, Germany October 2019 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Authors: Raj Chinthapalli, Ángel Puente, Pia Skoczinski, Achim Raschka, Michael Carus, nova-Institut GmbH, Germany October 2019 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Authors: Lara Dammer, Michael Carus and Dr. Asta Partanen nova-Institut GmbH, Germany May 2017 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at bioplastics MAGAZINE [06/21] Vol. 16 25

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