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Issue 05/2020

  • Text
  • Polyurethane
  • Textiles
  • Fibres
  • Carbon
  • Renewable
  • Plastics
  • Biobased
  • Sustainable
  • Packaging
  • Products
  • Materials
  • Bioplastics
Highlights: Fibres & Textiles Polyurethanes / Elastomers Basics: Resorbable Biopolymers

Sustainable and

Sustainable and biodegradable polymers with lignin thyssenkrupp to build second bioplastics plant in China thyssenkrupp’s plant engineering business recently won another order to build a bioplastics plant based on the patented PLAneo technology. It will be built in South China and will produce 30,000 tonnes of polylactide (PLA) annually. The new plant will produce PLA among other things for the manufacture of eco-friendly packaging, fibers, textiles and engineering plastics, and is scheduled to go into operation in fall 2021. thyssenkrupp will design the plant and supply the key components. Together with Stora Enso (headqaurtered in Helsinki, Finland), Rencom (Knivsta, Sweden) is working on the further valorisation of lignin where Lineo by Stora Enso is combined with biocomponents to create renewable and functional biogranulates that can replace plastic in different applications. Stora Enso and RenCom are taking big steps towards replacing fossil-based materials together. Through this collaboration, Stora Enso and RenCom have agreed on the supply of thousand tonnes scale of Lineo by Stora Enso (lignin) to RenCom’s newly built demo plant unit near Stockholm, Sweden, where RenCom produces more sustainable and biodegradable polymers. Stora Enso’s award-winning Lineo will be used by RenCom as a raw material to produce RENOL ® . This sustainable material will be introduced as a competitor to normal plastic bags, infill materials in football pitches and replacement of packaging plastics, as well as advanced materials for the automotive industry in early 2021. Lignin is one of the main components of wood, it gives strength to trees binding the cells together. Lignin is also the biggest by-product on earth, with great energy value, which means that lignin has mainly been incinerated for energy in pulp and paper production, overlooking the value of this raw material for too long. Stora Enso has been among the pioneers to extract lignin and study possible other end-uses for this bio-based raw material. RenCom can upcycle lignin to produce high quality granulates for the plastic industry. “We at RenCom are proud to announce the collaboration with Stora Enso, a pioneer in the lignin industry, with the largest production of kraft lignin in the world. It is an important step in our development and expansion, securing raw materials for the start of production in thousands of tonnes to produce our patent-protected material - Renol. This collaboration also contributes to the creation of a strong Nordic supply chain” says Christopher Carrick, founder and CEO of RenCom. Together with Stora Enso, RenCom continues to optimise the use of Lineo to discover further advantages in the bio-material market when replacing many fossil-based polymers. MT Polylactide is a biodegradable plastic which, thanks to its physical and mechanical properties, can replace many conventional materials such as PET, polypropylene and polystyrene. The feedstock for the PLAneo process is lactic acid, which is obtained from renewable raw materials such as sugar, starch or cellulose. The technology converts lactic acid into PLA in a particularly efficient way that conserves resources. In its development, thyssenkrupp was able to draw on decades of know-how gained in the construction of more than 400 plastics plants worldwide. “With PLAneo our customers can dispense with fossil resources and significantly reduce CO 2 emissions – at production costs that are competitive with those of conventional plastics,” says Udo Mühlbauer, product manager at thyssenkrupp. “The technology is also suitable for large-scale plants with capacities of up to 100,000 tonnes per year. In addition we have reduced energy consumption in the process through the use of an energy recovery system, further reducing costs and making production even more sustainable.” thyssenkrupp built the first commercial plant based on PLAneo technology for China’s biggest food and beverage company COFCO. It went into operation in Changchun at the end of 2018.MT 8 bioplastics MAGAZINE [05/20] Vol. 15

4 3 2 1 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2024 All figures available at © 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% | 2017 PBS(X) PA PET PTT PBAT PHA Adipic acid (AA) 11-Aminoundecanoic acid (11-AA) 1,4-Butanediol (1,4-BDO) Dodecanedioic acid (DDDA) Epichlorohydrin (ECH) Ethylene Furan derivatives D-lactic acid (D-LA) L-lactic acid (L-LA) Lactide Monoethylene glycol (MEG) Monopropylene glycol (MPG) Naphtha 1,5-Pentametylenediamine (DN5) 1,3-Propanediol (1,3-PDO) Sebacic acid Succinic acid (SA) PLA © | 2020 PE Full study available at PVC EPDM PP PMMA PE Vinyl chloride Propylene Unsaturated polyester resins Methyl methacrylate PEF Polyurethanes MEG Building blocks Natural rubber Aniline Ethylene for UPR Cellulose acetate 2,5-FDCA Building blocks for polyurethanes Levulinic acid Lignin-based bolymers Naphthta Ethanol PET PFA 5-HMF/5-CMF FDME Waste oils Starch-containing Furfuryl alcohol polymer compounds Natural rubber Saccharose PTF Furfural Hemicellulose 1,3 Propanediol Lignocellulose NOPs Fructose PTT Terephthalic MPG acid Glycerol Starch ECH Plant oils p-Xylene SBR Fatty acids Castor oil 11-AA Glucose Isobutanol THF Sebacic Lysine PBT acid 1,4-Butanediol Succinic acid DDDA PBAT Caprolactame Adipic acid HMDA DN5 Sorbitol 3-HP Lactic acid Itaconic Acrylic PBS(x) acid acid Isosorbide PA Lactide Superabsorbent polymers Epoxy resins ABS PHA APC PLA OH OH O HO diphenolic acid O H 2N OH O 5-aminolevulinic acid O O OH O O levulinate ketal O OR O levulinic ester O O ɣ-valerolactone O HO OH O succinic acid O 5-methyl-2-pyrrolidone ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Market and Trend Reports Institute for Ecology and Innovation UPDATE 2020 DATA FOR 2019 NEW UPDATE 2019 Commercialisation updates on bio-based building blocks Bio-based Building Blocks and Polymers – Global Capacities, Production and Trends 2019–2024 Levulinic acid – A versatile platform chemical for a variety of market applications Succinic acid – From a promising building block to a slow seller Polymers Global market dynamics, demand/supply, trends and market potential What will a realistic future market look like? Production capacities (million tonnes) Bio-based building blocks Evolution of worldwide production capacities from 2011 to 2024 O OH O levulinic acid H N Pharmaceutical/Cosmetic Industrial Acidic ingredient for denture cleaner/toothpaste De-icer Antidote Engineering plastics and epoxy curing Calcium-succinate is anticarcinogenic agents/hardeners Efferescent tablets Herbicides, fungicides, regulators of plantgrowth Intermediate for perfumes Intermediate for lacquers + photographic chemicals Pharmaceutical intermediates (sedatives, Plasticizer (replaces phtalates, adipic acid) antiphlegm/-phogistics, antibacterial, disinfectant) Polymers Preservative for toiletries Solvents, lubricants Removes fish odour Surface cleaning agent Used in the preparation of vitamin A (metal-/electronic-/semiconductor-industry) Succinic Food Acid Other Bread-softening agent Flavour-enhancer Flavouring agent and acidic seasoning in beverages/food Microencapsulation of flavouring oils Preservative (chicken, dog food) Protein gelatinisation and in dry gelatine desserts/cake flavourings Used in synthesis of modified starch Anodizing Aluminium Chemical metal plating, electroplating baths Coatings, inks, pigments (powder/radiation-curable coating, resins for water-based paint, dye intermediate, photocurable ink, toners) Fabric finish, dyeing aid for fibres Part of antismut-treatment for barley seeds Preservative for cut flowers Soil-chelating agent Authors: Doris de Guzman, Tecnon OrbiChem, United Kingdom February 2020 This and other reports on the bio- and CO 2-based economy are available at Authors: Pia Skoczinski, Raj Chinthapalli, Michael Carus, Wolfgang Baltus, Doris de Guzman, Harald Käb, Achim Raschka, Jan Ravenstijn January 2020 This and other reports on the bio- and CO 2- based economy are available at Authors: Achim Raschka, Pia Skoczinski, Raj Chinthapalli, Ángel Puente and Michael Carus, nova-Institut GmbH, Germany October 2019 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Authors: Raj Chinthapalli, Ángel Puente, Pia Skoczinski, Achim Raschka, Michael Carus, nova-Institut GmbH, Germany October 2019 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at THE BEST MARKET REPORTS AVAILABLE Bio- and CO 2 -based Polymers & Building Blocks Carbon dioxide (CO 2) as chemical feedstock for polymers – technologies, polymers, developers and producers Standards and labels for bio-based products Bio-based polymers, a revolutionary change Policies impacting bio-based plastics market development Comprehensive trend report on PHA, PLA, PUR/TPU, PA and polymers based on FDCA and SA: Latest developments, producers, drivers and lessons learnt and plastic bags legislation in Europe Fff Bio-based polymers, a revolutionary change Jan Ravenstijn March 2017 Picture: Gehr Kunststoffwerk E-mail: Mobile: +31.6.2247.8593 Authors: Achim Raschka, Pia Skoczinski, Jan Ravenstijn and Michael Carus, nova-Institut GmbH, Germany February 2019 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Authors: Lara Dammer, Michael Carus and Dr. Asta Partanen nova-Institut GmbH, Germany May 2017 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Author: Jan Ravenstijn, Jan Ravenstijn Consulting, the Netherlands April 2017 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Authors: Dirk Carrez, Clever Consult, Belgium Jim Philp, OECD, France Dr. Harald Kaeb, narocon Innovation Consulting, Germany Lara Dammer & Michael Carus, nova-Institute, Germany March 2017 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Asian markets for bio-based chemical building blocks and polymers Share of Asian production capacity on global production by polymer in 2016 Market study on the consumption of biodegradable and compostable plastic products in Europe 2015 and 2020 A comprehensive market research report including consumption figures by polymer and application types as well as by geography, plus analyses of key players, relevant policies and legislation and a special feature on biodegradation and composting standards and labels Brand Views and Adoption of Bio-based Polymers Wood-Plastic Composites (WPC) and Natural Fibre Composites (NFC) European and Global Markets 2012 and Future Trends in Automotive and Construction Bestsellers APC – cyclic Starch Blends Disposable tableware Biowaste bags Carrier bags Rigid packaging Flexible packaging Author: Wolfgang Baltus, Wobalt Expedition Consultancy, Thailand This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Authors: Harald Kaeb (narocon, lead), Florence Aeschelmann, Lara Dammer, Michael Carus (nova-Institute) April 2016 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Author: Dr. Harald Kaeb, narocon Innovation Consulting, Germany January 2016 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Authors: Michael Carus, Dr. Asta Eder, Lara Dammer, Dr. Hans Korte, Lena Scholz, Roland Essel, Elke Breitmayer, Martha Barthn This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at bioplastics MAGAZINE [05/20] Vol. 15 9

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