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Issue 04/2017

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Applications PHA helps

Applications PHA helps to eliminate oil pollution Bio-on presents a revolutionary new technology to eliminate oil pollution in the sea within 3 weeks. Some innovations bring truly revolutionary change to the planet and this is why Bio-on (Bologna, Italy) is proud to present its new technology, Minerv Biorecovery, which enables hydrocarbon sea pollution to be eliminated within approximately three weeks. “From today we offer the world and the market the technology to take effective, natural and ecological action in the event of environmental disasters such as oil spills into the sea,” explains Marco Astorri, Chairman and CEO of Bioon, which announces the success of its research conducted in collaboration with IAMC-CNR in Messina, Italy. “We have discovered,” explains Astorri, “that the particles forming our PHAs bioplastic are the ideal environment for hosting and feeding the special microorganisms that eliminate oil from the sea.” The World Bank Group will support Bio-on in raising awareness of the benefits of this technology for safeguarding the oceans as part of the Connect4Climate programme. How it works Minerv Biorecovery is a technological solution made of micro powders, measuring just a few microns and of a particular shape, created out of Bio-on’s revolutionary PHAS bioplastic that is natural and biodegradable. The particles of these micro powders are thrown into polluted sea waters and form a porous structure housing a series of bacteria, naturally present in the marine environment, which feed on the bioplastic, multiply and grow stronger until they attack the oil. The biodegradation processes activate within approximately five days and the degradable fraction of the hydrocarbons (e.g. oil) is eliminated in approximately 20 days. “It is nature looking after itself,” explains Astorri, “because our bioplastic, which is biobased, helps protect and feed these bacteria, thus accelerating their natural action.” The micro powders in Minerv Biorecovery are 100 % biodegradable and therefore do not release any residue into the sea unlike many solutions used to date in these cases. The biodegradation process for PHAs powder is sufficiently slow (1-2 months depending on conditions) to allow the bioremediating action of the microorganisms which, after having eliminated the pollutants, return to normal levels in the marine environment. Tests on Minerv Biorecovery have been ongoing for several months at IAMC-CNR in Messina, which has tested, measured and validated the technology. Thanks to these studies, Bio-on is able to define an entirely new application in the oil-bioremediation field - a targeted activity that aims to “remediate” the negative impact on the environment of polluting molecules and products such as hydrocarbons, thanks to the metabolic degradation, and biodegradation, of microorganisms. This activity is carried out by companies specialising in environmental remediation, Harbour Master’s Offices, Navy, sea traders, etc. “The principle of oil-bioremediation,” explains Dr Simone Cappello, leading the Bioremediation project at IAMC in Messina, “is based on the existence of microorganisms, bacteria mainly, which are capable of attacking the molecular structure of many of the components in the naturally complex formulation of hydrocarbons. These microorganisms,” explains Cappello, “are present in the marine environment but in metabolic, physiological conditions and not in sufficient quantities to enable substantial reduction of the hydrocarbon spills. It is thanks to PHAs bioplastic that it is now possible to encourage and accelerate the otherwise prolonged transformation to CO , the end product of biodegradation. Using PHAs bioplastic is also safe for the environment and marine life because it leaves no trace.” In the coming weeks, further tests will be conducted in the seas around the world: at ports and at industrial sites such as the refineries and cisterns at major oil companies. The application of this new technology will allow cleaning not only in the event of disasters, but also in the everyday maintenance of ports or industrial sites. “We are proud to announce this extraordinary discovery and contribute to protecting the marine environment,” says Marco Astorri, Chairman and CEO of Bio-on, “We will license this technology, which is a further example of the many applications made possible by the PHAs bioplastic micro powders we will produce at the plant in Castel San Pietro Terme (Bologna) from 2018. We will continue to extend our direct presence even more in the bioremediation, cosmetics, biomedical and nanomedical sectors. Working with IAMC, a point of global excellence in marine research, fills us with pride.” Minerv Biorecovery, like all the PHAs bioplastics (polyhydroxyalkanoates) developed by Bio-on is made from renewable plant sources with no competition with food supply chains. It is 100% eco-sustainable and naturally biodegradable at ambient temperature. MT | 20 bioplastics MAGAZINE [04/17] Vol. 12

© | 2017 Full study available at © | 2016 Full study available at © | 2017 Full study available at Bio-based Polymers & Building Blocks The best market reports available million t/a 3,5 3 2,5 Commercialisation updates on bio-based building blocks Selected bio-based building blocks: Evolution of worldwide production capacities from 2011 to 2021 actual data forecast Standards and labels for bio-based products Bio-based polymers, a revolutionary change Comprehensive trend report on PHA, PLA, PUR/TPU, PA and polymers based on FDCA and SA: Latest developments, producers, drivers and lessons learnt Bio-based polymers, a revolutionary change 2 1,5 Jan Ravenstijn 2017 1 0,5 Picture: Gehr Kunststoffwerk 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 L-LA Succinic acid Epichlorohydrin 1,4-BDO MEG 2,5-FDCA Ethylene D-LA Sebacic 1,3-PDO acid 11-Aminoundecanoic acid MPG DDDA Lactide Adipic acid E-mail: Mobile: +31.6.2247.8593 Author: Doris de Guzman, Tecnon OrbiChem, United Kingdom July 2017 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Authors: Lara Dammer, Michael Carus and Dr. Asta Partanen nova-Institut GmbH, Germany May 2017 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Author: Jan Ravenstijn, Jan Ravenstijn Consulting, the Netherlands April 2017 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Data for 2016 Policies impacting bio-based plastics market development and plastic bags legislation in Europe Bio-based Building Blocks and Polymers Global Capacities and Trends 2016 – 2021 Asian markets for bio-based chemical building blocks and polymers Share of Asian production capacity on global production by polymer in 2016 Bio-based polymers: Evolution of worldwide production capacities from 2011 to 2021 million t/a 10 actual data 2% of total polymer capacity, ¤13 billion turnover 100% 80% 60% 5 40% 20% 0 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 PUR PA Epoxies PBS PET PBAT CA PHA Starch Blends EPDM PLA APC PE PEF PTT 0% PBS(X) APC – cyclic PA PET PTT PBAT Starch Blends PHA PLA PE Authors: Dirk Carrez, Clever Consult, Belgium Jim Philp, OECD, France Dr. Harald Kaeb, narocon Innovation Consulting, Germany Lara Dammer & Michael Carus, nova-Institute, Germany March 2017 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Authors: Florence Aeschelmann (nova-Institute), Michael Carus (nova-institute) and ten renowned international experts February 2017 This is the short version of the market study (249 pages, € 2,000). Both are available at Author: Wolfgang Baltus, Wobalt Expedition Consultancy, Thailand This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Brand Views and Adoption of Bio-based Polymers Market study on the consumption of biodegradable and compostable plastic products in Europe 2015 and 2020 A comprehensive market research report including consumption figures by polymer and application types as well as by geography, plus analyses of key players, relevant policies and legislation and a special feature on biodegradation and composting standards and labels WPC/NFC Market Study 2014-10 (Update 2015-06) Wood-Plastic Composites (WPC) and Natural Fibre Composites (NFC): European and Global Markets 2012 and Future Trends in Automotive and Construction Bestsellers Disposable tableware Biowaste bags Carrier bags Rigid packaging Flexible packaging Author: Dr. Harald Kaeb, narocon Innovation Consulting, Germany January 2016 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Authors: Harald Kaeb (narocon, lead), Florence Aeschelmann, Lara Dammer, Michael Carus (nova-Institute) April 2016 The full market study (more than 300 slides, 3,500€) is available at Authors: Michael Carus, Dr. Asta Eder, Lara Dammer, Dr. Hans Korte, Lena Scholz, Roland Essel, Elke Breitmayer, Martha Barth First version 2014-03, Update 2015-06 Download this study and further nova market studies at: bioplastics MAGAZINE [04/17] Vol. 12 21

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