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Issue 04/2016

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Blow Moulding Standard

Blow Moulding Standard Test Reference LDPE Bio 02-06 Internal procedure * Compression strength No break No break EN ISO 306 Max. strength** (kg) 10,00 (0,1) 10,00 (0,1) Internal procedure Impact resistance of 1.20 m freefall No fracture No fracture EN ISO 306 Vicat temperature (ºC) 100 – 115 104 – 105 (*) Maximum stress 10N (**) Standard deviation in brackets. Table 3: Thermal and mechanical properties in small bottles Table 4: Thermal and mechanical properties in big bottles Standard Test Reference LDPE Bio 02-06 Internal procedure * Compression strength No break No break EN ISO 306 Max. strength** (kg) 10,00 (0,1) 10,00 (0,1) Internal procedure Impact resistance of 1.20 m freefall No fracture No fracture EN ISO 306 Vicat temperature (ºC) 100 – 115 113 – 114 (*) Maximum stress 10N (**) Standard deviation in brackets. Table 5: Hardness of the materials for Caps Biodegradation (%) Property Standard PP Bio 16-07 Hardness Shore D EN ISO 868 69 – 72 69 – 72 Figure 3: Visual presentation of the evolution of the biodegradation of pouch in comparison with the reference cellulose 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 Cellulose Biocompound pouch Biocompound probiotic bottle Biocompound fresh milk bottle 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 Time (days) • Environmental impact by studying the Life Cycle Assessment, evaluation of biodegradability and compostability of each product developed and their economic analysis Results Functional characterization Regarding the functional characterization, the final products; pouches, small and big bottles and caps, fulfil all the requirements, including sterilization and pasteurization processes. Tables 2 – 5 show these results. The microbiological analysis (fig. 2) suggested that the new packages do not affect the development of bacterial and fungal populations naturally contained in pasteurized milk, or the growth of selected pathogenic strains, artificially inoculated in milk and yogurt. It also doesn’t affect the viability of lactic acid bacteria contained in yogurt. In addition, they do not release any significant substances in milk and yogurt stored inside affecting the product. Therefore, the packages fulfill the microbiological requirements established by the product packers. Regarding to the legal requirements based on the Overall Migration, the pouches and both bottles were tested and they do fulfil the requirements, according to European Commission Regulation (EU) No 10/2011 [2]. The use of new biodegradable packaging does not affect the organoleptic properties of the evaluated dairy products. Except for unflavored low-fat yogurt, where a consumer panel revealed small differences between the new bio bottles and the reference bottles. Biodegradability and Compostability The biodegradation under controlled composting conditions was successfully demonstrated for the different developed compounds (fig. 3) and they fulfil the requirements of material characteristics, biodegradation and compost quality according to EN 13432 (2000). Pouches and caps can be concluded to be fully compostable in industrial processes and the OK compost logo and seedling logo were obtained from the certification institute 14 bioplastics MAGAZINE [04/16] Vol. 11

Blow Moulding Vinçotte (Belgium). The bottles did not show sufficient disintegration due to the necessary thickness that the bottles must maintain to fulfill the structural functionality. Economic analysis The economic study revealed that producing newbiodegradable packages for dairy products is still not competitive in price with the existing packages due to the current price of biodegradable raw materials. Market studies predict a decrease in their price because of an increase in the global demand and production. Thus, biodegradable market trends foresee a positive scenario for the BIOBOTTLE packages commercialization in 5 years time. Important is that the cost of the final product with the new biodegradable packages increases less than 10 % in the different packages developed. Acknowledgement This project has received funding from the European Union´s Seventh Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration (FP7 / 2007 – 2013) under grant agreement nº [606350]. www.biobottleproject.eu References [1] Plastics-The Facts 2015. An analysis of European plastic production, demand and waste data. PlasticsEurope (PEMRG) / Consultic. [2] COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 10/2011of 14 January 2011on plastic materials and articles intended to come into contact with food (https://www.fsai.ie/uploadedFiles/Reg10_2011.pdf) Figure 4: Detailed barley and cress plant growth after an incubation period of 7 and 13 days respectively (from left to right): 50 % series of blank compost and test compost Current brands on stock > fkur > Corbion > colorfabb > rodenburg > syn b ra > enmat (PHBV) Find The Right Bioplastic. FAIR - INDEPENDENT - FAST 1. Filter bioPlastics - based on process - based on composite formulation - biobased content - biodegradability 4. Checkout & Delivery Easy checkout and various delivery and payment options. 2. Compare bioPlastics Instant access to material documentation and material visualisation. 3. Choose bioPlastic & Quantity Starting with quantities as low as 20kg up to 100kg. bioplastics MAGAZINE [04/16] Vol. 11 15

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