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Issue 03/2019

Highlights: Toys Injection Moulding Basics: Microplastics Mind the right terms Captured CO2


Chinaplas-Review Chinaplas 2019 Review By: John Leung Biosolutions Hong Kong A companying the growth of China’s plastics and rubber industries for over 30 years, CHINAPLAS has become a distinguished meeting and business platform for these industries and has also largely contributed to their prosperous development. At present, CHINA- PLAS is the world’s leading plastics and rubber trade fair, and also widely recognized by the industry as one of the most influential exhibitions in the world. Its significance is surpassed only by K Fair in Germany, the world’s premier plastics and rubber trade fair. Chinaplas 2019 (21-24 May), the 33rd International Exhibition on Plastics and Rubber Industries, attracted over 180,000 professional visitors from 150 countries and regions to the China Import and Export Fair Complex, Pazhou, Guangzhou. The exhibition space compriswd more than 250,000 square-meters. The show gathered together more than 3,600 leading exhibitors from all over the world, in which more than 1,800 of them are related to the packaging industry. Among the 20 Theme Zones, including for the first time a Recycled Plastics Zone, Chinaplas 2019 again featured a Bioplastics Zone to address the industry’s need for green and circular solutions. The biobased plastics and bio-composites shown in the Bioplastics Zone not only can be used in a wide range of applications such as packaging, electronic appliances, toys, children products, automobiles, and 3D printing but also are degradable, compostable, environmentally friendly, non-toxic and as affordable as petroleum-based plastics. Some examples are: NatureWorks LLC’s Ingeo ® biobased plastics come from 100% renewable plant resources. According to ISO 14040 and 14044 standards, Ingeo® reduces greenhouse gas emissions and consumes less non-renewable energy than conventional plastic PS/PET/ABS. Today, Ingeo is favored for its unique features! It has been used in products such as food utensils, coffee capsules, nonwovens and home appliances. As part of its commitment to the recycling bioeconomy and away from petrochemical feedstocks, NatureWorks announced that 100% of all agricultural raw materials used in Ingeo biopolymers will be certified by the International Sustainable Development and Carbon Certification System in 2020, in line with ISCC PLUS agricultural production. Best practice standards. According to Johannes Becker, BASF’s Global Biopolymer Marketing Director, “Rapid industrialization, economic growth and environmental awareness have driven the development of sustainable living in China. BASF is committed to helping China meet these challenges through innovative, sustainable plastic solutions. ” The biobased and compostable material of Suzhou Hanfeng New Material Co., Ltd. has changed the situation of traditional plastics being difficult to degrade and combustion producing harmful gases. With the technology for blending PLA and PBAT, customers’ various requirements for the physical properties of products and cost control can be satisfied, and the softness and environmental friendliness of products will be enhanced. Users can opt for such degradable and non-toxic packaging with higher quality when purchasing products in the future. The material can be used to manufacture green courier bags, disposable lunch boxes, bowls, cups, supermarket shopping bags, bags on a roll, flat-top bags and so on. Biocosafe ® developed by Xinfu Technology uses binary acid and binary alcohol as raw materials, and uses high-efficiency non-toxic catalyst to directly synthesize according to the onestep polycondensation method. Under the ISO14855 detection method, the relative biodegradation rate of the material exceeds 90%. The glass transition temperature of the resin is -35 ° C. It can meet the requirements of cold, hot drinks and lunch boxes, and is a biodegradable material with excellent temperature resistance. It could be applied to stationery, toys, entertainment products, etc. Ecoworld ® developed by Jinhui Zhaolong can be decomposed into carbon dioxide and water by microorganisms within 180 days under composting conditions. Under composting conditions, organic fertilizer can be produced, and the degradation process does not produce toxic gases. The main raw material of plastic film is biodegradable and compostable, which can effectively deal with white pollution. BASF showcased the new biodegradable polymer ecovio ® courier bags, indicating that BASF is helping to cope with the white pollution challenge caused by the surge in domestic courier bags. This ecovio degradable courier bag delivers outstanding performance and not only meets customer needs, but also provides an environmentally friendly solution. BASF is working with key downstream partners to explore cutting-edge technologies for biodegradable bags. 38 bioplastics MAGAZINE [03/19] Vol. 14

Natural Rubber © | 2018 Starch-based Polymers Lignin-based Polymers Cellulose-based Polymers © PBAT PET-like PU APC PTT PLA PU PA PTF PHA | 2017 PMMA HDMA DN5 PVC Isosorbide 1,3 Propanediol Caprolactam UPR PP Propylene Vinyl Chloride Ethylene Sorbitol Lysine MPG Epoxy resins Epichlorohydrin EPDM Ethanol Glucose PE MEG Terephthalic acid Isobutanol PET p-Xylene Starch Saccharose Fructose Lignocellulose Natural Rubber Plant oils Hemicellulose Glycerol PU Fatty acids NOPs Polyols PU PU LCDA THF PBT 1,4-Butanediol Succinic acid 3-HP 5-HMF/ 5-CMF Aniline Furfural PA SBR Acrylic acid 2,5-FDCA/ FDME PU PFA PU PTF ABS PHA Full study available at Full study available at PEF PBS(X) © | 2017 Full study available at ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 7 th Bio-based Polymers & Building Blocks The best market reports available Automotive Commercialisation updates on bio-based building blocks 7 th 1 Data Data for for 2018 2018 UPDATE 2019 UPDATE 2019 Bio-based Building Blocks Bio-based Building Blocks and Polymers – Global Capacities and Polymers – Global Capacities and Trends 2018-2023 and Trends 2017-2022 Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) as chemical feedstock for polymers – technologies, polymers, developers and producers Succinic acid: New bio-based building block with a huge market and environmental potential? Million Tonnes 6 5 4 3 2 1 2011 Bio-based polymers: Evolution of worldwide production capacities from 2011 to 2022 Lactic acid Adipic acid Methyl Metacrylate Itaconic acid Furfuryl alcohol Levulinic acid 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Dedicated Drop-in Smart Drop-in Superabsorbent Polymers Pharmaceutical/Cosmetic Acidic ingredient for denture cleaner/toothpaste Antidote Calcium-succinate is anticarcinogenic Efferescent tablets Intermediate for perfumes Pharmaceutical intermediates (sedatives, antiphlegm/-phogistics, antibacterial, disinfectant) Preservative for toiletries Removes fish odour Used in the preparation of vitamin A Food Bread-softening agent Flavour-enhancer Flavouring agent and acidic seasoning in beverages/food Microencapsulation of flavouring oils Preservative (chicken, dog food) Protein gelatinisation and in dry gelatine desserts/cake flavourings Used in synthesis of modified starch Succinic Acid Industrial De-icer Engineering plastics and epoxy curing agents/hardeners Herbicides, fungicides, regulators of plantgrowth Intermediate for lacquers + photographic chemicals Plasticizer (replaces phtalates, adipic acid) Polymers Solvents, lubricants Surface cleaning agent (metal-/electronic-/semiconductor-industry) Other Anodizing Aluminium Chemical metal plating, electroplating baths Coatings, inks, pigments (powder/radiation-curable coating, resins for water-based paint, dye intermediate, photocurable ink, toners) Fabric finish, dyeing aid for fibres Part of antismut-treatment for barley seeds Preservative for cut flowers Soil-chelating agent Authors: Raj Authors: Chinthapalli, Raj Chinthapalli, Dr. Pia Skoczinski, Michael Carus, Michael Wolfgang Carus, Wolfgang Baltus, Baltus, Doris Doris de de Guzman, Harald Harald Käb, Käb, Achim Achim Raschka, Jan Jan Ravenstijn, April 2018 2019 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at This and other on the bio-based economy are available at Authors: Achim Raschka, Dr. Pia Skoczinski, Jan Ravenstijn and Michael Carus nova-Institut GmbH, Germany February 2019 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Authors: Raj Chinthapalli, Dr. Pia Skoczinski, Achim Raschka, Michael Carus, nova-Institut GmbH, Germany Update March 2019 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Standards and labels for bio-based products Bio-based polymers, a revolutionary change Comprehensive trend report on PHA, PLA, PUR/TPU, PA and polymers based on FDCA and SA: Latest developments, producers, drivers and lessons learnt million t/a Selected bio-based building blocks: Evolution of worldwide production capacities from 2011 to 2021 3,5 actual data forecast 3 2,5 Bio-based polymers, a revolutionary change 2 1,5 Jan Ravenstijn 2017 1 0,5 Picture: Gehr Kunststoffwerk 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 L-LA Epichlorohydrin MEG Ethylene Sebacic acid 1,3-PDO MPG Lactide E-mail: Succinic acid 1,4-BDO 2,5-FDCA D-LA 11-Aminoundecanoic acid DDDA Adipic acid Mobile: +31.6.2247.8593 Author: Doris de Guzman, Tecnon OrbiChem, United Kingdom July 2017 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Authors: Lara Dammer, Michael Carus and Dr. Asta Partanen nova-Institut GmbH, Germany May 2017 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Author: Jan Ravenstijn, Jan Ravenstijn Consulting, the Netherlands April 2017 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Policies impacting bio-based plastics market development and plastic bags legislation in Europe Asian markets for bio-based chemical building blocks and polymers Market study on the consumption of biodegradable and compostable plastic products in Europe 2015 and 2020 Share of Asian production capacity on global production by polymer in 2016 100% A comprehensive market research report including consumption figures by polymer and application types as well as by geography, plus analyses of key players, relevant policies and legislation and a special feature on biodegradation and composting standards and labels 80% 60% Bestsellers 40% 20% 0% PBS(X) APC – cyclic PA PET PTT PBAT Starch PHA PLA PE Blends Disposable tableware Biowaste bags Carrier bags Rigid packaging Flexible packaging Authors: Dirk Carrez, Clever Consult, Belgium Jim Philp, OECD, France Dr. Harald Kaeb, narocon Innovation Consulting, Germany Lara Dammer & Michael Carus, nova-Institute, Germany March 2017 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Author: Wolfgang Baltus, Wobalt Expedition Consultancy, Thailand This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at Authors: Harald Kaeb (narocon, lead), Florence Aeschelmann, Lara Dammer, Michael Carus (nova-Institute) April 2016 The full market study (more than 300 slides, 3,500€) is available at 1 bioplastics MAGAZINE [03/19] Vol. 14 39

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