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Issue 03/2019

Highlights: Toys Injection Moulding Basics: Microplastics Mind the right terms Captured CO2


PLAY WITH PLASTICS! Sustainable – Safe – Sophisticated The world we live in is unique, exciting and full of surprises. Children discover their world in a fun way by playing with toys, which generate curiosity and stimulate the imagination while having to withstand countless adventures. Our bioplastics combine sustainability with trend-setting material properties that help to reduce CO2 emissions. With FKuR bioplastics you will get high-quality toys that meet your needs exactly and that children will enjoy for a long time.

Editorial dear readers The hottest bioplastics news to break these past two months was surely the publication in April of a study from the University of Plymouth. Taken up and amplified by numerous journalists - including the yellow press – in addition to receiving TV coverage and drawing the attention of many serious publications, it has certainly roiled the bioplastics debate. The study appeared under the title “Environmental Degradation of Biodegradable, Degradable and Conventional Plastic Carrier Bags in the Sea, Soil and Open-Air Over a Three-Year Period“, and sparked blaring headlines, including “‘Biodegradable plastic bags survive three years in soil and sea”. Five bags were examined: oxo-degradable bags, one fossil-based non-biodegradable polyethylene bag, one bag marketed as – but not proven to be - biodegradable, and only one product certified compostable according to the European Norm 13432. While only the certified compostable bag sample had completely disappeared after three months in the marine environment, the utterly crucial point to emphasize here is that even certified compostable bio-waste bags have not been developed to degrade in the soil or in a marine environment. These certified bags are designed to degrade under industrial composting conditions. Whenever ‘biodegradability’ or ‘compostability’ is claimed, the conditions (environment, temperature etc) must be given. And – neither biodegradability nor compostability is meant to be a solution to littering. Littering, and subsequently also marine pollution can only be solved by changing people’s behaviour, not by any kind of material. As this topic could easily fill many pages, we are planning to give it the necessary space in one of the upcoming issues of bioplastics MAGAZINE. Until then, links to a number of salient comments can be found at Other highlight topics in this issue are Injection moulding and Toys. Following the very successful 1st bio!TOY conference in Nuremberg in March with about 90 delegates, we are happy to share the articles the event generated in this issue. In the Basics section 3 topics are covered. We first take a closer look at Microplastics, then discuss the question:Can products made from captured/recycled CO 2 be called Biobased? Finally, we explain once and for all the difference between Biodegradable - compostable - oxo-degradable plastics. Just days before this issue went to print, we hosted the third edition of our bio!PAC conference on biobased packaging in Düsseldorf, which was a very successful event in every respect. And we are already focussing on the next big event this year: The K-Show in October in Düsseldorf, Germany with our 4th Bioplastics Business Breakfast. The call for papers is open. We are looking forward to your contributions. We hope to see you at the K-Show this autumn, or perhaps elsewhere even earlier, and until then, enjoy the summer - and of course, have a great time reading bioplastics MAGAZINE. Sincerely yours WWW.MATERBI.COM r1_05.2017 05/05/17 11:39 bioplastics MAGAZINE Vol. 14 ISSN 1862-5258 Basics Microplastics | 56 Mind the right terms | 54 Captured CO 2 vs. biobased | 48 Highlights Toys | 10 Injection Moulding | 30 May / June Cover Story 03 | 2019 bio-PE truck ride-on ... is read in 92 countries Follow us on twitter! Like us on Facebook! Michael Thielen bioplastics MAGAZINE [03/19] Vol. 14 3

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