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Issue 03/2019

Highlights: Toys Injection Moulding Basics: Microplastics Mind the right terms Captured CO2

Toys Greenhouse gas

Toys Greenhouse gas emissions KgCO 2 e per kg of product 10 Greenhouse 8 gas emissions KgCO 2 e per kg of product 10 6 4 8 2 6 0 4 Bio-based polymers Fossil-based polymers Fossil-based polymers -2 2 -4 Bio-based polymers 0 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 -2 Depletion of fossil resources -4 megajoules (10 6 joules) per kg of product 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Fossil-based polymers include: polypropylene (PP), high-density polyethylene (HDPE), low-density polyethylene (LDPE), polyethylene terapthalate (PET), polystyrene Fossil-based (PS), polymers include: polycarbonate polypropylene (PC). (PP), high-density polyethylene (HDPE), low-density polyethylene (LDPE), Source: polyethylene JRC, 2017 (upper terapthalate panel); (PET), WEF et al., 2016 (lower panel). polystyrene (PS), Selling “bioplastics” polycarbonate on climate (PC). change contributions rather than biodegradability is not a complete novelty in this industry, but has hardly Source: been JRC, a 2017 game (upper changer panel); WEF in sales et al., 2016 discussions (lower panel). in the past. Now, as climate change becomes a number one topic everywhere from politics to the nursery, new opportunities are opening up for biobased plastics. The biobased plastics industry cannot just deliver on CO 2 reduction targets. Looking at toys, and how these are made, it is becoming evident that a combination of functionalities and design characteristics are needed to make a fun and functional toy. The wide spectrum of biobased polymers - polyolefins, PET, polyesters, PAs, (T)PUs or TPEs, and compounds made thereof - allow for a wide use of applications, ranging from fiberbased toys and fillers, soft or hard surfaces, puppets, figures, games or building blocks and many, many more. Biobased CO 2 -saving polymers can partly or completely replace the conventional plastics used for toys in many applications. The bio!TOY conference has shown that even the initial portfolio is spectacular, and that there are almost no limits to the opportunities for to explore partners. Fusion & Conclusion For the biobased industry, the development of the toy application sector holds many opportunities and overall, good perspectives. Development will be widespread, driven by the need for so many different toy functionalities, as toy makers embrace the low carbon and GHG emission profile of biobased plastics. The toy sector offers a perfect place for storytelling and for winning over future consumers who are now still in the nursery - in all segments of plastic use. A partnership between the biobased industry and the world’s toy makers presents the opportunity needed to develop sustainable and safe products and solutions against future threats. And to win parents and grandparents today and tomorrow. All in all, this was the basic idea behind the bio!TOY conference. All those who attended and participated in the conference agreed that it had successfully distilled this vision into a practical platform for knowledge exchange and partnering. This first meeting between the biobased industry and the toy industry was an important initial step to support and promote transitions in Bio-based polymers include: bio-based polylactic acid (PLA), bio-based polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA), bio-based polyethylene (PE). Bio-based polymers include: bio-based polylactic acid (PLA), bio-based polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA), bio-based polyethylene (PE). Depletion of fossil resources megajoules (10 6 joules) per kg of product Source: JRC, 2017 [upper panel]; WEF et al., 2016 [lower panel]. (in: EU ENV Agency 27 Aug 2018 [5]) both industries. Participants were calling for more and we are ready to serve them. [1]: Valuing Plastics: The Business Case for Measuring, Managing and Disclosing Plastic Use in the Consumer Goods Industry, (pdf at valuingplastics) [2]: getsurveydetail/instruments/flash/surveyky/2224 or [3]: Kaeb, H.: Market study on the consumption of biodegradable and compostable plastic products in Europe 2015 and 2020, (editor nova institute, April 2016), [4]: N.N.: Single-use plastics directive fails to acknowledge potential of biodegradable plastics; (European Bioplastics) [5]: N.N.: The circular economy and the bioeconomy, Partners in sustainability, or | The first bio!TOY conference organized by bioplastics MAGAZINE together with Harald Kaeb (narocon) took place on 27 and 28 March 2019 in Nuremberg, Germany. The event, which covered topics ranging from technical and ecological issues to practical examples in the market attracted 90 delegates from major players from the entire value chain around the world, including brands such as Lego, Mattel, Playmobil, Habermaaß, Ravensburger and Zapf Creation. Companies that already offer toys made of bioplastics, such as Zoë B, eKoala, Lego, Bioserie, BioBlo, and TicToys shared their experience. Speakers and exhibitors from the bioplastics industry included DuPont, Braskem, Hexpol, Neste, and Total-Corbion, as well as compounders such as Greendot Bioplastics, Tecnaro and FKuR. The participants agreed that there is great development potential. The conference with exhibition was also much welcomed as a platform for dialogue and cooperation. Read also the post-bio!TOY press release at Harald Kaeb, Michael Thielen 12 bioplastics MAGAZINE [03/19] Vol. 14

Toys Binabo and other sustainable toys A success-story TicToys is a toy manufacturer based in Leipzig, Germany. Founded in 2011 by Matthias Meister and Tony Ramenda, the company has since grown from what was simply a fun idea into a serious player in the international toy market - and a pioneer in the use of bioplastics to produce toys. From the very start, TicToys has adhered to its founding principles: 1. Create toys that foster movement and active play 2. Promote creative and open-ended play by simple design 3. Use high quality materials and processing technologies 4. Only use all natural and renewable materials 5. Produce gender-neutral toys 6. All toys are to be locally „Made in Germany“ The result is a brand with a promises to deliver “Die neue Spielzeugkultur“ (“The new way to play“). Holding to these core tenets has meant that is has not always been easy to participate in today’s fast-changing and highly competitive toy market. In particular, the fourth on the list – the company’s determination to use “all natural and renewable materials“ - presented a major challenge, when it came to broadening the product range. Although the company originally produced only wooden toys, TicToys first came into the contact with bioplastics during the development of its Tualoop” outdoor game. The ame is played with two sticks that are used to catch and throw a ring – the Tualoop – in various ways. During the product development, the rings were initially made from wood. However, this soon proved to be the wrong choice, both due to the rigidity of the material and its high cost. In search of an alternative, TicToys stumbled across the possibility of using a bioplastic material and, after researching the subject, decided in favour of Arboblend ® compounds. This advanced biomaterial from Tecnaro (Ilsfeld, Germany) consists of a blend of different biobased plastics and wood fibres and is therefore one hundred percent natural. Many trials and tests with different compounds followed, with as result a fantastic game – Tualoop was released in 2013 – that pioneered the use of bioplastics in the toy industry. From the very beginning, Tony and Matthias believed in manufacturing their toys from renewable raw materials - from the product to the packaging. “Our intention has always been to encourage sustainable consumer behaviour in this area as well,” the two explained, who have since brought their sixth toy creation to market, named Binabo. “This was by far our most difficult project. We spent five years working on a single perfect toy construction element made from bioplastic. The flexible components, which differ only in colour, can be assembled as desired and allow unlimited combination options.” Binabo is also manufactured from a special Arboblend grade. The material is flexible, extremely stable, free of toxins and suitable for indoor and outdoor use. The idea for the Binabo originated from the project to create a ball that can be juggled barefoot - just as has been a tradition in Myanmar for 1500 years. The local pastime - called Chinlone, - is a combination of sport and dance and is played with a ball traditionally woven from rattan. However, the bioplastic “Made in Germany” can be used for more than just for making the Chinlone ball. “The elements can be simply clicked together to create an infinite number of movement games: Throwing discs, catching cups, cones or even a basketball basket are possible. The colorful chips invite you to construct the most daring figures and shapes,” explained Tony. In the end, it almost doesn’t matter what comes out of it. “It’s about being creative. This is something that nowadays, children are all too often denied. That’s why we hadn’t originally planned to include any building instructions.” Children are more creative than many adults suspect and therefore do not ask for instructions. However, many parents ask for instructions, because they do not have enough confidence in their children’s creativity. Today, the two entrepreneurs export their toys from the plant in Leipzig to all over the world. However, they still buy cardboard boxes for the packaging from ”nearby” Chemnitz. “Regionality has always been part of our philosophy,” said Mattias. “Production steps that cannot be implemented regionally at least remain in Germany,” he concluded. MT Tualoop (Photo: TicToys) Levi playing with Binabo during bio!TOY 2019 (Photo: Oliver Reinhardt) bioplastics MAGAZINE [03/19] Vol. 14 13

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