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Issue 03/2017

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bioplasticsMAGAZINE_1703

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Content Imprint 03|2017 May / June Events 8 Biobased materials conference 10 bio!CAR Injection Moulding 14 Engineering bioplastic breakthrough 15 Biobased PA 6.10 compounds Interpack Review 16 Interpack Review Chinaplas Review 22 Chinaplas Review China Special 23 China bioplastics alliance From Science & Research 27 Food waste to construction and automotive application 28 Bacteria produce polymers and intermediates Materials 30 Bio-epoxy resins from plant oil 32 New compostable film products Food Packaging 36 Biobased food packaging in Germany 37 Development of the food packaging of tomorrow 38 Compostable biobased packaging for organic chips 3 Editorial 5 News 24 Application News 33 Material News 46 Glossary 50 Suppliers Guide 53 Event Calendar 54 Companies in this issue Opinion 40 Could the wax moth solve the problem of PE plastic waste 10 Years ago 42 Material Data Center Survey 43 China Survey Basics 44 FAQ update Publisher / Editorial Dr. Michael Thielen (MT) Samuel Brangenberg (SB) Head Office Polymedia Publisher GmbH Dammer Str. 112 41066 Mönchengladbach, Germany phone: +49 (0)2161 6884469 fax: +49 (0)2161 6884468 info@bioplasticsmagazine.com www.bioplasticsmagazine.com Media Adviser Samsales (German language) phone: +49(0)2161-6884467 fax: +49(0)2161 6884468 s.brangenberg@samsales.de Chris Shaw (English language) Chris Shaw Media Ltd Media Sales Representative phone: +44 (0) 1270 522130 mobile: +44 (0) 7983 967471 and Michael Thielen (see head office) Layout/Production Kerstin Neumeister Print Poligrāfijas grupa Mūkusala Ltd. 1004 Riga, Latvia bioplastics MAGAZINE is printed on chlorine-free FSC certified paper. Print run: 3,300 copies bioplastics magazine ISSN 1862-5258 bM is published 6 times a year. This publication is sent to qualified subscribers (149 Euro for 6 issues). bioplastics MAGAZINE is read in 92 countries. Every effort is made to verify all Information published, but Polymedia Publisher cannot accept responsibility for any errors or omissions or for any losses that may arise as a result. All articles appearing in bioplastics MAGAZINE, or on the website www.bioplasticsmagazine.com are strictly covered by copyright. No part of this publication may be reproduced, copied, scanned, photographed and/or stored in any form, including electronic format, without the prior consent of the publisher. Opinions expressed in articles do not necessarily reflect those of Polymedia Publisher. bioplastics MAGAZINE welcomes contributions for publication. Submissions are accepted on the basis of full assignment of copyright to Polymedia Publisher GmbH unless otherwise agreed in advance and in writing. We reserve the right to edit items for reasons of space, clarity or legality. Please contact the editorial office via mt@ bioplasticsmagazine.com. The fact that product names may not be identified in our editorial as trade marks is not an indication that such names are not registered trade marks. bioplastics MAGAZINE tries to use British spelling. However, in articles based on information from the USA, American spelling may also be used. Envelopes A part of this print run is mailed to the readers wrapped in BoPLA envelopes sponsored by Taghleef Industries, S.p.A. Maropack GmbH & Co. KG, and SFV Verpackungen Cover Mordolff (iStock) Follow us on twitter: http://twitter.com/bioplasticsmag Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/bioplasticsmagazine

daily upated news at www.bioplasticsmagazine.com News PET Bottle recovery systems can handle PEF Interim approval constitutes a major step towards integration of packaging from Synvina’s PEF in the circular economy The European PET Bottle Platform (EPBP) has given interim approval for the recyclability of polyethylenefuranoate (PEF), produced by Synvina C.V., Amsterdam, in the European bottle recycling market. Following EPBP’s assessment PEF bottles are expected to be disposable through existing recovery systems the same way as polyethylene terephthalate (PET), the conventional material for plastic bottles. The interim approval applies to a PEF market penetration of up to 2 %. This corresponds to the amount of PEF that could be produced from Synvina’s intended 50,000 tonnes reference plant for furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA). FDCA made from renewable resources is the main building block for PEF. A final statement based on PEF quality, packaging designs and regional launch markets will be issued before market introduction of the novel material. “EPBP confirms that consumers are expected to be able to return or dispose PEF bottles the way they are used to do with PET bottles. This is a major milestone for our innovative material based on renewables”, says Patrick Schiffers, CEO of Synvina. He continues: “The recyclability has become one of the most important aspects for the packaging industry to meet the standards of the circular economy. EPBP’s interim approval confirms that with PEF we are able to offer solutions for our customers to meet these standards.” PEF quantities in the European packaging market are expected to exceed the 2 % market share on a medium term. Therefore, Synvina works jointly with recyclers and brand owners to develop a dedicated recycling stream for PEF based bottles to separate the valuable PEF from conventional plastics. PEF recycling in other markets like the US and Japan will be reviewed near-time. The EPBP interim approval can be found here. With its recyclability, Synvina’s PEF offers a significant advantage to the packaging industry in comparison to alternative bio-based plastics or barrier materials. Moreover, it also offers a higher mechanical strength, thus thinner PEF packaging can be produced and fewer resources are required. PEF is suitable as the main component or as a barrier layer in cups and trays, flexible packaging as well as bottles for carbonated and non-carbonated soft drinks, water, dairy products, still and sports drinks, alcoholic beverages as well as personal and home care products. MT www.avantium.com | www.basf.com New report calls to suspend the use of “oxo-degradables” The amendment of the EU Directive on Packaging and Packaging Waste from 2015 tasked the European Commission with assessing the impacts of so-called “oxodegradable” plastics on the environment and proposing “a set of measures to limit their consumption or to reduce any harmful impacts“. To inform the Commission’s decision-making process, a comprehensive impact study was contracted out to independent consultancy Eunomia. The results of Eunomia’s report on “The Impact of the Use of “Oxo-degradable” Plastic on the Environment” are very clear in concluding that oxo-degradable plastics should not be allowed to be sold in Europe. The report confirms that oxo-degradable plastics – referred to as pro-oxidant additive containing (PAC) plastics – are “not suitable for any form of composting and Anaerobic Digestion process”. There is still substantial doubt – due to a lack of evidence – as to whether they do biodegrade fully or within reasonable time, not to mention the risk of potential toxic effects on soils of the pro-oxidant additives. Other major concerns are raised with regard to the recyclability of PAC plastics as they cannot be identified and sorted separately with current technologies and therefore can negatively affect the quality of recyclate and recycled plastic products. “Evidence suggests that oxidised PAC plastics can significantly impair the physical qualities and service life of the recycled product” and “recyclate made from mixtures containing PAC plastic should not be used for long-life products”. There is currently no suitable certification available in Europe to make sure PAC plastics will perform appropriately in the markets to which they are sold, and in the environments they may end up. The report therefore concludes that the European Commission should make the development of (a set of) European standards, including strict pass/fail criteria for the toxicological tests, an absolute priority. In the meantime, the report concludes, “the PAC plastics industry should be prevented from selling their products”. European Bioplastics has long warned about the potentially harmful effects of oxo-degradable plastics on the environment as well as the potential damage to the reputation and image of truly biodegradable plastics. Several cases of greenwashing and false claims have been reported over the past years that have led to confusion and misunderstanding about biodegradation in the general public. In the light of the latest results of the report, EUBP calls on the European Commission to suspend the production, sale and use of oxo-degradable plastics in Europe until appropriate standards, standardised regulation of nomenclature, and suitable certification schemes are available. MT www.european-bioplastics.org bioplastics MAGAZINE [03/17] Vol. 12 5

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