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Issue 03/2017

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Chinaplas-Review Chinaplas 2017 (photo: Chinaplas / Adsale) By: John Leung, Biosolutions Hong Kong, China This year at Chinaplas, the number of exhibitors in the bioplastics zone decreased to a number of 27 which is less than 50 % compared to the first launch of a bioplastics zone at Chinaplas ten years ago. The bioplastics market in China is rather small. Most of the resin manufacturer such as Kingfa, Hisun, Jinhui, Sogreen or Tunhe are all selling resins as well as compounds. As a result many small compounders left this industry and newcomers seem not to be too interested to enter the bioplastics industry because they obviously cannot compete with resin manufacturers in cost. The situation could be compared to Europe where BASF is selling Ecovio. Another observation in the bioplastics zone at Chinaplas is, that there are still companies trying to sell additives to make PE or PP biodegradable. Or companies that sell PE and PP filled with starch or fibres, claiming their products to be partly biodegradable. The good point is that the number of such companies has reduced to only two versus more than ten companies in the past. The most important point to reduce this number to zero is to educate consumers about the right concept of bioplastics. Let’s hope that we don’t see those companies misusing the concept of real bioplastics at the next Chinaplas in Shanghai 2018. Chinaplast is scheduled for four days. However, on the fourth day virtually no visitors can be found at Chinaplas. That is why a lot of exhibitors leave the fair at the fourth morning or even the night before. Another side effect: On the first three days the visitors come in large numbers, the fair is overcrowded. I suggest that organizer may consider reducing the exhibition duration to three days but extend the opening hours until 9 p.m.. as the good experience from the Hong Kong Exhibition Centre shows, which is opened until 10 p.m. since 2011. By the way: Chinaplas 2018 in Shanghai will move to a new venue – the National Exhibition and Convention Center (NECC), located in the Hongqiao district. In a press release, Adsale said that it ran out of space in the Shanghai New International Exhibition Center (SNIEC). The organizer expects the show scale in 2018 to reach 300,000 m 2 . Chinaplas 2018 in Shanghai event will be from 24 – 27 April 2018. Chinaplas 2018 22 bioplastics MAGAZINE [03/17] Vol. 12

China-Special Strategic Alliance in China Promoting the development of China’s biodegradable industry Introduction of Alliance The China Biodegradable Industry Technology Innovation Strategic Alliance was established by the China Production and Research Promotion Association. This Association, approved by the State Council, was established by the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Industry and Information, the Ministry of Commerce, SASAC (State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission) of the State Council, the State Intellectual Property Department, the China Academy of Sciences, the China Academy of Engineering, and the China Association for Science and Technology, among others, in collaboration with universities, research institutes, and enterprises with participation and promotion. It forms a cross-section, cross-regional, cross-industry, cross-subject high-level platform for research and development that liaises between the government and capital. The China Biodegradable Industry Technology Innovation Strategic Alliance encompasses the full spectrum of activities in the field of biodegradability, from domestic green materials to the best technology and resources available. The Alliance offers access to technology advantages, industrial facilities, support in achieving industrial scale production as soon as possible, private capital during the first stage to optimise the technology, supported by national policy or strengthened by investment capital at the middle stage, and later increasing industrial chain capacity through the capital operation and listing in China stock market. The domestic legislation Jilin Province is the first province in China to legislate “the ban on plastic law”. On February 13 th , 2014, the Jilin Government promulgated the “Jilin Province ban on the sale and use of disposable non-degradable plastic bags and plastic tableware Act” (Jilin Provincial People’s Government Legislation No. 244), prohibiting the production and sale of By: John Leung, Biosolutions Hong Kong, China disposable non-degradable plastic shopping bags and plastic tableware in the whole of province from January 1st, 2015 onwards. On September 25 th , 2015, Jiangsu Province held the twelfth session of the People’s Congress’s 18 th meeting, at which the “Jiangsu Province Circular Economy Promotion Ordinance” was adopted. This ordinance provided that hotels, saunas and other service enterprises were to make use of products conducive to the recycling of resources and environmental protection, and provide consumers with tips on environmentally-friendly behavior, implement cost incentives and take other measures to encourage and guide consumers to reduce the use of disposable consumer goods from 1 st January 2016. One year after the implementation of this ordinance, catering operators are required to provide recyclable chopsticks, while supermarkets, shopping malls, markets and other commodity retail outlets may no longer give out non-degradable plastic shopping bags without charge - or disguised as being without charge. Promoting a biodegradable industry demonstration base The Alliance has chosen Southeast Guizhou independent zone, Guizhou Province, to build a China biodegradable industry demonstration base. The use of disposable biodegradable materials instead of traditional plastic products offers a fundamental solution to the problem of plastic waste pollution, thus protecting the eco-tourism environment. The local government has given strong support to the plan of building biodegradable demonstration base. The benefits of establishing a biodegradable industrial base in Guizhou Province are twofold: not only will this serve to promote the sustainable development of eco-tourism, industrial development will also contribute to alleviating poverty in the region. Together, this is a potent combination to promote the development of the circular economy. bioplastics MAGAZINE [03/17] Vol. 12 23

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