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Issue 01/2021

  • Text
  • Products
  • Automotive
  • Packaging
  • Sustainable
  • Carbon
  • Plastics
  • Materials
  • Biobased
  • Foam
  • Bioplastics
Highlights: Automotive Foam Basics: Enzymes

Application News

Application News Biodegradable tree shelters Biome Bioplastics (Southampton, UK), one of the UK’s leading developers of intelligent, natural plastics has teamed up with Suregreen (Halstead, UK), a leading supplier of tree shelters to end the plastic pollution caused by tree shelters. Suregreen’s team has extensive experience in the manufacture and use of tree shelters and has involved its forestry customers from the get-go in designing and assessing the product. Biome recently announced the successful completion of its three-month feasibility project to develop and test a new generation of biodegradable tree shelters using biobased and biodegradable plastics. Tree shelters protect young trees and bushes from predation by animals. They are a well-proven and economic route to limiting losses in the first five years of a tree’s life. Traditionally made from conventional plastics, the majority of such shelters are never collected and eventually litter the environment with microplastics. In the UK, around 45 million trees are planted each year, most of those using non-biodegradable tree shelters for protection, with an estimated 2,500 tonnes of persistent plastics ending up annually in the natural environment after use. Plans to significantly increase tree planting as part of the UK’s drive to mitigate climate change will exacerbate these problems. The polymers that Biome are using in this project are biobased and biodegradable. Some are novel and represent some of the results of over six years and EUR 7.3 million of directed investment in research collaborations between Biome and a number of the UK’s leading universities. The development of biodegradable tree shelters is the first potential commercial application arising from this collaborative group’s endeavours. The polymers used in this particular project are partly based on furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA) monomeric building blocks. Biome’s goal was to design shelters that provide marketleading protection to growing trees that don’t hinder growth as trees reach maturity and then completely biodegrading in soil (with no microplastics or toxicological effects) if not collected. AT https://biomebioplastics.com | www.sure-green.com Info See a video-clip at: https://vimeo.com/494238613 Fully compostable packaging for technical cycling wear The cycling wear producer Santini (Lallio, Italy) has chosen new eco-friendly packaging for 2021: its technical cycling wear will be presented in wrappers made by TIPA, (Hod HaSharon, Israel), an international company that has set the benchmark in compostable packaging. This environmentally friendly choice is part of a broader company strategy that spans everything from prioritising Zero Miles suppliers to manufacturing using recycled fabrics. This latest decision is part of a target environmental awareness strategy that has always been a powerful part of Santini’s corporate ethos. The company has consistently chosen fabric from suppliers in its local area, such as Sitip and Carvico, both based in Bergamo, and is committed to producing more of its output using recycled yarn. The kits Santini supplies to the Trek-Segafredo men’s and women’s professional teams, the official Granfondo Stelvio Santini jersey and some of its 2021 summer collections all feature fabrics made from recycled and recovered waste materials. Furthermore, from the 2021 UCI Cyclo-Cross World Championships, World Champion jerseys for all disciplines will be made from recycled fabrics supplied by Polartec. Tipa developed their biodegradable packaging in 2010, all products are compostable, and are between 20-80% biobased. The remaining percentage is made of fully compostable fossil-based polymers. They are always looking for ways to use more biobased material, but never at the expense of a compostable end-of-life. Tipa’s packaging can be thrown in domestic composite bins (where legislation permits this) – in the wet waste – and will then disintegrate within six months and fully biodegrade within a year. Tipa abides by standards of compostability, including EN 13432, ASTM D6400, and ISO 17088 and TÜV OK Compost home. AT www.santinicycling.com | https://tipa-corp.com 38 bioplastics MAGAZINE [01/21] Vol. 16

PVC EPDM PP PMMA PE Vinyl chloride Propylene Unsaturated polyester resins Methyl methacrylate PEF Polyurethanes MEG Building blocks Natural rubber Aniline Ethylene for UPR Cellulose-based 2,5-FDCA polymers Building blocks for polyurethanes Levulinic acid Lignin-based polymers Naphthta Ethanol PET PFA 5-HMF/5-CMF FDME Furfuryl alcohol Waste oils Casein polymers Furfural Natural rubber Saccharose PTF Starch-containing Hemicellulose Lignocellulose 1,3 Propanediol polymer compounds Casein Fructose PTT Terephthalic Non-edible milk acid MPG NOPs Starch ECH Glycerol p-Xylene SBR Plant oils Fatty acids Castor oil 11-AA Glucose Isobutanol THF Sebacic Lysine PBT acid 1,4-Butanediol Succinic acid DDDA PBAT Caprolactame Adipic acid HMDA DN5 Sorbitol 3-HP Lactic acid Itaconic Acrylic PBS(x) acid acid Isosorbide PA Lactide Superabsorbent polymers Epoxy resins ABS PHA APC PLA 4 3 2 1 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2024 All figures available at www.bio-based.eu/markets Adipic acid (AA) 11-Aminoundecanoic acid (11-AA) 1,4-Butanediol (1,4-BDO) Dodecanedioic acid (DDDA) Epichlorohydrin (ECH) Ethylene Furan derivatives D-lactic acid (D-LA) L-lactic acid (L-LA) Lactide Monoethylene glycol (MEG) Monopropylene glycol (MPG) Naphtha 1,5-Pentametylenediamine (DN5) 1,3-Propanediol (1,3-PDO) Sebacic acid Succinic acid (SA) © -Institute.eu | 2020 OH OH O HO diphenolic acid O H 2N OH O 5-aminolevulinic acid O O OH O O levulinate ketal O OR O levulinic ester O O ɣ-valerolactone O HO OH O succinic acid O 5-methyl-2-pyrrolidone available at www.renewable-carbon.eu/graphics ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ OH O OH HO OH HO OH O ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ OH HO OH O OH O © -Institute.eu | 2021 Refining Polymerisation Formulation Processing Use Depolymerisation Solvolysis Thermal depolymerisation Enzymolysis Purification Dissolution Recycling Conversion Pyrolysis Gasification Recovery Recovery Recovery © -Institute.eu | 2020 Market and Trend Reports Institute for Ecology and Innovation DATA FOR 2020 Bio-based Building Blocks and Polymers – Global Capacities, Production and Trends 2020–2025 REVISED AND EXTENDED 2021 Carbon Dioxide (CO 2) as Chemical Feedstock for Polymers NEW Production of Cannabinoids via Extraction, Chemical Synthesis and Especially Biotechnology NEW Chemical recycling – Status, Trends and Challenges Polymers Technologies, Polymers, Developers and Producers Current Technologies, Potential & Drawbacks and Future Development Technologies, policy, start-ups, and key players Plastic recycling and recovery routes Plant extraction Chemical synthesis Cannabinoids Plant extraction Genetic engineering Biotechnological production Primary recycling (mechanical) Virgin Feedstock Monomer Polymer Plastic Product Product (end-of-use) Renewable Feedstock Secondary recycling (mechanical) Tertiary recycling (chemical) Quaternary recycling (energy recovery) Secondary valuable materials CO 2 capture Energy Chemicals Fuels Others Landfill Authors: Pia Skoczinski, Michael Carus, Doris de Guzman, Harald Käb, Raj Chinthapalli, Jan Ravenstijn, Wolfgang Baltus and Achim Raschka January 2021 This and other reports on renewable carbon are available at www.renewable-carbon.eu/publications Authors: Pauline Ruiz, Achim Raschka, Pia Skoczinski, Jan Ravenstijn and Michael Carus, nova-Institut GmbH, Germany January 2021 This and other reports on renewable carbon are available at www.renewable-carbon.eu/publications Authors: Pia Skoczinski, Franjo Grotenhermen, Bernhard Beitzke, Michael Carus and Achim Raschka January 2021 This and other reports on renewable carbon are available at www.renewable-carbon.eu/publications Author: Lars Krause, Florian Dietrich, Pia Skoczinski, Michael Carus, Pauline Ruiz, Lara Dammer, Achim Raschka, nova-Institut GmbH, Germany November 2020 This and other reports on the bio- and CO 2-based economy are available at www.bio-based.eu/reports THE BEST MARKET REPORTS AVAILABLE Bio- and CO 2 -based Polymers & Building Blocks Commercialisation updates on bio-based building blocks Levulinic acid – A versatile platform chemical for a variety of market applications Succinic acid – From a promising building block to a slow seller Standards and labels for bio-based products Global market dynamics, demand/supply, trends and market potential What will a realistic future market look like? Production capacities (million tonnes) Bio-based building blocks Evolution of worldwide production capacities from 2011 to 2024 O OH O levulinic acid H N Pharmaceutical/Cosmetic Industrial Acidic ingredient for denture cleaner/toothpaste De-icer Antidote Engineering plastics and epoxy curing Calcium-succinate is anticarcinogenic agents/hardeners Efferescent tablets Herbicides, fungicides, regulators of plantgrowth Intermediate for perfumes Intermediate for lacquers + photographic chemicals Pharmaceutical intermediates (sedatives, Plasticizer (replaces phtalates, adipic acid) antiphlegm/-phogistics, antibacterial, disinfectant) Polymers Preservative for toiletries Solvents, lubricants Removes fish odour Surface cleaning agent Used in the preparation of vitamin A (metal-/electronic-/semiconductor-industry) Succinic Food Acid Other Bread-softening agent Flavour-enhancer Flavouring agent and acidic seasoning in beverages/food Microencapsulation of flavouring oils Preservative (chicken, dog food) Protein gelatinisation and in dry gelatine desserts/cake flavourings Used in synthesis of modified starch Anodizing Aluminium Chemical metal plating, electroplating baths Coatings, inks, pigments (powder/radiation-curable coating, resins for water-based paint, dye intermediate, photocurable ink, toners) Fabric finish, dyeing aid for fibres Part of antismut-treatment for barley seeds Preservative for cut flowers Soil-chelating agent Author: Doris de Guzman, Tecnon OrbiChem, United Kingdom Authors: Achim Raschka, Pia Skoczinski, Raj Chinthapalli, Ángel Puente and Michael Carus, nova-Institut GmbH, Germany Authors: Raj Chinthapalli, Ángel Puente, Pia Skoczinski, Achim Raschka, Michael Carus, nova-Institut GmbH, Germany Authors: Lara Dammer, Michael Carus and Dr. Asta Partanen nova-Institut GmbH, Germany Updated Executive Summary and Market Review May 2020 – Originally published February 2020 This and other reports on the bio- and CO 2-based economy are available at www.bio-based.eu/reports October 2019 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at www.bio-based.eu/reports October 2019 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at www.bio-based.eu/reports May 2017 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at www.bio-based.eu/reports Bio-based polymers, a revolutionary change Comprehensive trend report on PHA, PLA, PUR/TPU, PA and polymers based on FDCA and SA: Latest developments, producers, drivers and lessons learnt Fff Bio-based polymers, a revolutionary change Market study on the consumption of biodegradable and compostable plastic products in Europe 2015 and 2020 A comprehensive market research report including consumption figures by polymer and application types as well as by geography, plus analyses of key players, relevant policies and legislation and a special feature on biodegradation and composting standards and labels Bestsellers Brand Views and Adoption of Bio-based Polymers Wood-Plastic Composites (WPC) and Natural Fibre Composites (NFC) European and Global Markets 2012 and Future Trends in Automotive and Construction Jan Ravenstijn March 2017 E-mail: j.ravenstijn@kpnmail.nl Mobile: +31.6.2247.8593 Picture: Gehr Kunststoffwerk Disposable tableware Biowaste bags Carrier bags Rigid packaging Flexible packaging Author: Jan Ravenstijn, Jan Ravenstijn Consulting, the Netherlands April 2017 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at www.bio-based.eu/reports Authors: Harald Kaeb (narocon, lead), Florence Aeschelmann, Lara Dammer, Michael Carus (nova-Institute) April 2016 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at www.bio-based.eu/reports Author: Dr. Harald Kaeb, narocon Innovation Consulting, Germany January 2016 This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at www.bio-based.eu/reports Authors: Michael Carus, Dr. Asta Eder, Lara Dammer, Dr. Hans Korte, Lena Scholz, Roland Essel, Elke Breitmayer, Martha Barthn This and other reports on the bio-based economy are available at www.bio-based.eu/reports www.renewable-carbon.eu/publications bioplastics MAGAZINE [01/21] Vol. 16 39

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