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Issue 01/2016

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Automotive Foam Basics: Public Procurement

Basics Mandatory Federal

Basics Mandatory Federal purchasing of biobased products About the USDA BioPreferred ® Program By Michael Thielen Managed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Federal Biobased Products Preferred Procurement Program (BioPreferred ® Program) provides that Federal agencies in the USA must give purchasing preference to biobased products designated by this program [1, 2]. The authority for the program is included in the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act (FSRIA) of 2002, reauthorized and expanded as part of the Agricultural Act of 2014 (the 2014 Farm Bill) [3]. Section 9002 of this Act provides for a preferred procurement and labeling program and defines biobased products as commercial or industrial products that are composed, in whole or in significant part, of biological products or renewable domestic agricultural materials (including plant, animal, and marine materials) or forestry materials. Domestic content is interpreted to mean content not only from the USA but also from any country with which the United States has a preferential trade agreement. Countries that are signatories to NAFTA and CAFTA, for example, will have their qualifying biobased products treated as domestic products. The purpose of the BioPreferred program is to spur economic development, create new jobs and provide new markets for farm commodities. The increased development, purchase, and use of biobased products reduces the USA’s reliance on petroleum, increases the use of renewable agricultural resources, and contributes to reducing adverse environmental and health impacts [2]. Mandatory Federal Purchasing The program requires, that all Federal agencies in the USA must purchase biobased products in categories identified by USDA. To date, USDA has identified 97 categories of biobased products for which agencies and their contractors have purchasing requirements. These categories include such that refer to biobased plastic products, e.g. carpets of other floor coverings (7 %), plastic lumber (23 %), dispoasable containers (72 %), cutlery (48 %), tableware (72 %), films (non-durable: 85 % – semi-durable: 45 %), packaging and insulating materials (74%), plastic insulating foam for construction (7 %), thermal shipping containers (durable: 21 % - nondurable: 82 %), and some more. Each mandatory purchasing category specifies the minimum biobased content according to ASTM D6866 (see figures in parentheses). Excemptions from the mandatory purchasing are products that are • not reasonably available • fail to meet performance standards for the application intended • available only at an unreasonable price. The BioPreferred program does not provide financial support for its participants. However, USDA’s Rural Development agency offers loan and grant programs. More information about this offer can be found on the USDA’s BioPreferred website [4], Voluntary Labeling Consumers are increasingly looking for products with sustainable attributes. That’s why USDA wants to make it easy for consumers to identify biobased products. The USDA Certified Biobased Product label (see picture), displayed on a product certified by USDA, is designed to provide useful information to consumers about the biobased content of the product [2]. Companies offering biobased products that meet USDA criteria may apply for certification, allowing them to display the USDA Certified Biobased Product label on the product. This label assures a consumer that the product contains a verified amount of renewable biological ingredients (referred to as biobased content). Consumers can trust the label to mean what it says because manufacturer’s claims concerning the biobased content are third-party certified and strictly monitored by USDA [2]. What Are Biobased Products? Biobased products are derived from plants and other renewable agricultural, marine, and forestry materials and provide an alternative to conventional petroleum derived products. Biodegradability required For some products, such as single use bioplastic products must meet the appropriate standard for biodegradability (ASTM D 6400) in order to be designated for the BioPreferred procurement program. Some examples are cutlery, garbage bags or food containers [1]. www.biopreferred.gov [1] Duncan, M.: Federal Agencies in the USA shall buy bioplastics products, bioplastics MAGAZINE Vol 1, 2006, p 28-29 [2] N.N.: What is BioPreferred, http://www.biopreferred.gov/BioPreferred/ faces/pages/AboutBioPreferred.xhtml [3] N.N.: The 2014 Farm Bill: https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS- 113hr2642enr/pdf/BILLS-113hr2642enr.pdf [4] N.N.: USDA Loans and Grants, http://www.biopreferred.gov/BioPreferred/ faces/pages/USDALoansAndGrants.xhtml 40 bioplastics MAGAZINE [01/16] Vol. 11

Internationaler Kongress Kunststoffe im Automobilbau und Fachausstellung 09. und 10. März 2016, Mannheim Parallele Konferenz: Kunststoffe im Nutzfahrzeug Top-Themen • Leichtbaulösungen und anspruchsvolle Oberflächen für Instrumententafeln • Composite Einsatz in der Karosseriestruktur des BMW 7er • Berechnung des Crashverhaltens von Kunststoffbauteilen • Anforderungen an polymere Werkstoffe und konstruktive Lösungen für SCR Tanksysteme • Systemintegration am Beispiel des Kunststoff- Ölwannenmoduls im Porsche 911 Carrera • „One-shot“ Fertigungsverfahren zur Herstellung einer FVK-Metall-Hybridbodenstruktur Jetzt Anmelden! www.kunststoffe-im-auto.de Ihr Kongressleiter Prof. Dr. Rudolf C. Stauber Fraunhofer Project Group Materials Recycling and Resource Strategies IWKS, Alzenau und Hanau Veranstaltung der VDI Wissensforum GmbH | www.kunststoffe-im-auto.de | Telefon +49 211 6214-201 | Fax +49 211 6214-154

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