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Issue 01/2015

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  • Bioplastics
  • Biobased
  • Plastics
  • Materials
  • Products
  • Packaging
  • Renewable
  • Automotive
  • Environmental
  • Polymers

Content Automotive 10

Content Automotive 10 New bioplastic for interior car parts 12 How bioplastics helped save the auto industry 16 Biobased composite sandwiches for automotive applications 20 Biobased thermoplastic composites for automotive interiors Foam 31 Transport trays made of BioFoam Events 7 9 th European Bioplastics Conference (review) 8 bio!PAC Biobased Packaging (programme) 23 NPE 2015 – Preview 24 NPE 2015 – Show Guide with floorplan Market 33 Bioplastics production capacities to grow more than by 400 % by 2018 Politics 36 Progress in standardization of the “Bio-based Products” terminology 01|2015 January February Basics 38 Glossary 4.0 (updated) Fortsetzung des Inhalts Editorial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 03 News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 05 – 07 Application News . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Suppliers Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 – 45 Event Calendar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Companies in this issue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Imprint Publisher / Editorial Dr. Michael Thielen (MT) Samuel Brangenberg (SB) contributing editor: Karen Laird (KL) Layout/Production Ulrich Gewehr (Dr. Gupta Verlag) Max Godenrath (Dr. Gupta Verlag) Mark Speckenbach (DWFB) Head Office Polymedia Publisher GmbH Dammer Str. 112 41066 Mönchengladbach, Germany phone: +49 (0)2161 6884469 fax: +49 (0)2161 6884468 Media Adviser Caroline Motyka phone: +49(0)2161-6884467 fax: +49(0)2161 6884468 Print Poligrāfijas grupa Mūkusala Ltd. 1004 Riga, Latvia Total print run: 6,600 copies bioplastics MAGAZINE ISSN 1862-5258 bM is published 6 times a year. This publication is sent to qualified subscribers (149 Euro for 6 issues). bioplastics MAGAZINE is printed on chlorine-free FSC certified paper. bioplastics MAGAZINE is read in 91 countries. Not to be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher. The fact that product names may not be identified in our editorial as trade marks is not an indication that such names are not registered trade marks. FDM is a trademark of Stratasys Inc. bioplastics MAGAZINE tries to use British spelling. However, in articles based on information from the USA, American spelling may also be used. Editorial contributions are always welcome. Please contact the editorial office via Envelopes part of this print run is mailed to the readers in envelopes sponsored by BIOTEC Biologische Naturverpackungen GmbH & Co. KG Cover Minerva Studio (shutterstock) Follow us on twitter: Like us on Facebook:

daily upated news at News Lactic acid from biodiesel by-product At ETH Zurich, Switzerland, a leading international university for technology, research groups at the Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering have developed a new method to produce lactic acid, the monomer of PLA. The process is more productive, cost-effective and climatefriendly than sugar fermentation, which is the technology currently used. The new method’s greatest advantage is that it makes use of a waste feedstock: glycerol. In this procedure, glycerol is first converted enzymatically to an intermediate called dihydroxyacetone, which is further processed to produce lactic acid by means of a heterogeneous catalyst. Glycerol is a by-product in the manufacturing of firstgeneration biofuels and as such is not high-grade but contains residues of ash and methanol. “Nobody knows what to do with this amount of waste glycerol”, says Merten Morales, a PhD student in the Safety and Environmental Technology group of professor Hungerbühler. “Normally, it should go through waste water treatment, but to save money and because it is not very toxic, some companies dispose of it in rivers or feed it to livestock. But there are concerns about how this affects the animals.” The researchers of the Advanced Catalysis Engineering group of professor Pérez-Ramírez designed a catalyst with high reactivity and a long life span. The close collaboration between the two research groups allowed the catalyst to be improved step by step while at the same time performing the life cycle assessment of the procedure as a whole. “Without the assessment and comparison with the conventional method, we might have been happy with an initial catalyst design used for our study, which turned out to be less eco-friendly than fermentation”, explains PhD student Pierre Dapsens. By improving several aspects of the catalyst design, the researchers were finally able to surpass sugar fermentation both from an environmental and an economic point of view. All in all, compared to the fermentation route, the new technology reduces overall CO 2 emissions by 20 %. Moreover, the lower overall cost of the new process resulted in a 17-fold profit growth, according to the researchers. “Our calculations are even rather conservative”, says Morales. “We assumed a glycerol feedstock of relatively good quality. But it also works with low-quality glycerol, which is even cheaper.” Thus, manufacturers could increase their profit even further. “Although today’s major bioplastic companies are based in the US, the process is relatively simple and could be implemented in other countries that produce biofuel and the by-product glycerol”, concludes Dapsens. KL New York City administration bans styrofoam The Administration of New York City announced in early January that as of July 1, 2015, single service Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) foam articles or polystyrene loose fill packaging are prohibited. After consultation with stakeholders, the Department of Sanitation (DSNY), has determined that Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) Foam cannot be recycled and that there currently is no market for post-consumer EPS. Companies such as foam manufacturer Dart Container Corp. (headquartered in Mason, Michigan, USA) contradicted this statement confirming that they indeed do recycle EPS. As a result of the ban, manufacturers and stores may not sell not possess, sell, or offer for use single-use foam items such as cups, plates, trays, or clamshell containers in the City. The sale of polystyrene loose fill packaging, such as packing peanuts is also banned. EPS is already banned in a number of cities across the United States, for example San Francisco, Oakland, Portland, Albany, Washington, DC, Seattle, and Minneapolis. In accordance with the City’s new policy, DOE (Dept. of Education) will begin replacing foam trays with compostable plates on May 1 st . All school meals will be served on these compostable plates starting in September. All summer meals will also be served on compostable plates. “DOE is excited to be part of the City’s new environmentally conscious polystyrene policy,” said Schools Chancellor Carmen Fariña. “We are replacing polystyrene trays with compostable plates for the 2015 – 16 school year to meet this ban.” “For too long polystyrene foam has been mischaracterized as a safe, and economically sound choice for packaging when it is in fact a great threat to the city‘s ecosystem and our commitment to environmental sustainability,” said Council Member Donovan Richards, Chair to the Committee on Environmental Protection. “I applaud the mayoral administration‘s decision to finally ban the use of plastic foam, and look forward to the widespread use of renewable and recyclable materials for packaging.” “Getting rid of Styrofoam is just terrific news for recyclers, for composters, for taxpayers, and for all living beings that depend on having a healthy ocean—that is to say, all of us,” said Brendan Sexton, Chair, Manhattan Solid Waste Advisory Board. “Well done, Commissioner Garcia and Mayor de Blasio!” MT bioplastics MAGAZINE [01/15] Vol. 10 5

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