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Content Editorial 3 News 5 Application News 44 Event Calendar 59 Suppliers Guide 60 Coverstory A Bio-Cover for the Airbag 12 Automotive Development of Biocomposites for Automotive Engineering 15 Automotive Bioplastics Design Challenge 16 Ecological Plastic for Toyota’s Sai 18 01|2011 Jan/Feb Welcome to the Darker Side of Green 19 Biodegradable PLA/PC Copolymers for Automotive Applications 20 Materials BiopolymerComposites 22 based on Lignin and Cellulose Bioplastics in Durable Goods 23 Vegetable Oil Based Plastics 24 Produced Loss-Free Assessment of Life Cycle Studies 26 on Hemp Fibre Composites Foam Particle Foams from Thermoplastic Starch – 28 Waiting for Technology? A Comparative LCA of Building 30 Insulation Products Biodegradable Foams Containing Recycled Cellulose 34 Biodegradable PLA/PBAT Foams 36 A Foam Veteran‘s View on Biopolymer Foam 39 Industrial Trials of E-PLA Foams 40 Look out for pines 42 From Science & Research Biomaterials Based on Chitin and Chitosan 48 PLA Composites with Field Crop Residues 52 Basics Basics of Lignin 54 Personality Jim Lunt 58 Imprint Publisher / Editorial Dr. Michael Thielen Samuel Brangenberg Contributing editor: Dr. Bettina Schnerr-Laube Layout/Production Mark Speckenbach, Julia Hunold Head Office Polymedia Publisher GmbH Dammer Str. 112 41066 Mönchengladbach, Germany phone: +49 (0)2161 664864 fax: +49 (0)2161 631045 Media Adviser Elke Hoffmann, Caroline Motyka phone: +49(0)2351-67100-0 fax: +49(0)2351-67100-10 Print Tölkes Druck + Medien GmbH 47807 Krefeld, Germany Total Print run: 4,000 copies bioplastics magazine ISSN 1862-5258 bioplastics magazine is published 6 times a year. This publication is sent to qualified subscribers (149 Euro for 6 issues). bioplastics MAGAZINE is printed on chlorine-free FSC certified paper. bioplastics MAGAZINE is read in 91 countries. Not to be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher. The fact that product names may not be identified in our editorial as trade marks is not an indication that such names are not registered trade marks. bioplastics MAGAZINE tries to use British spelling. However, in articles based on information from the USA, American spelling may also be used. Editorial contributions are always welcome. Please contact the editorial office via Envelope A certain number of copies of this issue of bioplastics MAGAZINE is wrapped in a compostable film sponsored by Minima Technology Cover Ad DuPont Photo by Philipp Thielen bioplastics MAGAZINE [01/11] Vol. 6 Follow us on twitter: Like us on Facebook:

News Demand For Degradable Plastics to Grow Further The degradable plastic industry has been on the verge of commercial success for decades. However, demand growth was limited because most degradable plastics were too expensive, were unavailable in large enough quantities or had performance drawbacks that limited them to niche markets. This situation began to change in the early 2000s, as interest in environmentally friendly products gained strength, boosted by the efforts of major users like Wal-Mart. At the same time, the availability of biodegradable plastics increased significantly due to expansions by key producers. These and other trends are presented in Degradable Plastics, a new study from The Freedonia Group, Inc., a Clevelandbased industry market research firm. These positive trends are expected to continue. The demand for degradable plastics in the USA alone is forecast to rise 16.6% per year to 147,000 tonnes (325 million pounds) in 2014, valued at US0 million. Opportunities will reflect continued capacity growth, efforts to reduce pollution and US reliance on petroleum products, and consumer demand for sustainable, environmentally friendly packaging and manufactured goods. Polylactic acid (PLA) and starch-based plastics currently dominate the market and both products are expected to see strong growth. PLA will register the faster gains, over 20% per year through 2014, due to increased availability, greater processor familiarity and performance enhancements that will expand potential applications. Starch-based resins will benefit from the introduction of improved resin grades, blending with other biopolymers and an increasing number of suppliers. Opportunities are expected in compostable yard and kitchen bags, foodservice disposables and various types of packaging. US degradable plastic demand (annual growth) 120,0% 100,0% 80,0% 60,0% 40,0% 20,0% 0,0% 14.4 16.6 Degradable Plastic Demand 22.4 20.5 PLA 14.9 11.2 Starch based 4.6 4.6 Cellulose 2004-2009 2009-2014 9.6 9.6 Petroleum based PHA Other The strong outlook for degradable plastics is prompting the development of new products. One of these is polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA). While sales of PHA were negligible in 2009, rapid growth over the next ten years should boost the product up among the leading types of degradable plastics. Growth is predicated on significant capacity increases, competitive pricing and the development of grades capable of replacing polyolefins in higher performance injection molded articles as well as in foodservice disposables, nonwovens, containers and bottles. The full report (202 pages, published 08/2010) is available through the bioplastics MAGAZINE bookstore at 103.6 8.4 10.8 US degradable plastic demand (recalculated to metric tons and rounded by bM) 160000 140000 120000 150000 2004 2009 2014 tonnes 100000 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 35000 68500 Degradable Plastic Demand 9000 25000 PLA 63500 11300 22600 38500 Starch based 7200 9000 11000 Cellulose 5400 8600 13650 Petroleum based 0 450 PHA 15900 1800 2700 4500 Other bioplastics MAGAZINE [01/11] Vol. 6

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