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Events Event Calender December 2-3, 2009 Dritter Deutscher WPC-Kongress Maritim Hotel, Cologne, Germany December 2-3, 2009 Sustainable Plastics Packaging Sheraton Hotel, Brussels, Belgium March 8-10, 2010 GPEC 2010 Global Plastics Environmental Conference The Florida Hotel & Conference Center Orlando, Florida, USA March 15-17, 2010 4th annual Sustainability in Packaging Conference & Exhibition Rosen Plaza Hotel, Orlando, Florida, USA March 16-17, 2010 EnviroPlas 2010 Brussels, Belgium April 13-15, 2010 Innovation Takes Root 2010 The Four Seasions - Dallas, Texas, USA June 22-23, 2010 8th Global WPC and Natural Fibre Composites Congress an Exhibition Fellbach (near Stuttgart), Germany You can meet us! Please contact us in advance by e-mail. Editorial Planner 2010 # - Month Publ.-Date Edit/Ad/Deadl. Editorial Focus (1) Editorial Focus (2) Basics Fair Specials 01 - Jan/Feb 08.02.2010 15.01.2010 Automotive Foams Basics of Cellulosics 02 - Mar/Apr 05.04.2010 12.03.2010 Rigid Packaging Material Combinations Basics of Certification 03 - May/Jun 07.06.2010 14.05.2010 Injection Moulding Natural Fibre composites Basics of Bio-Polyamides 04 - Jul/Aug 02.08.2010 09.07.2010 Additives / Materbatches / Adhesives Bottles / Labels / Caps Compounding of Bioplastics 05 - Sep/Oct 04.10.2010 10.09.2010 Fiber Applications Polyurethanes / Elastomers Basics of Bio-Polyolefins K‘2010 preview 06- Nov/Dec 06.12.2010 12.11.2010 Films / Flexibles / Bags Consumer Electronics Recycling of Bioplastics K‘2010 review Further topics to be covered in 2010: Beauty and Healthcare Non-Food Bioplastics Printing inks Lignin Paper-Coating and much more … bioplastics MAGAZINE [06/09] Vol. 4 45

Basics Glossary In bioplastics MAGAZINE again and again the same expressions appear that some of our readers might (not yet) be familiar with. This glossary shall help with these terms and shall help avoid repeated explanations such as ‘PLA (Polylactide)‘ in various articles. Bioplastics (as defined by European Bioplastics e.V.) is a term used to define two different kinds of plastics: a. Plastics based on renewable resources (the focus is the origin of the raw material used) b. à Biodegradable and compostable plastics according to EN13432 or similar standards (the focus is the compostability of the final product; biodegradable and compostable plastics can be based on renewable (biobased) and/or non-renewable (fossil) resources). Bioplastics may be - based on renewable resources and biodegradable; - based on renewable resources but not be biodegradable; and - based on fossil resources and biodegradable. Amylopectin | Polymeric branched starch molecule with very high molecular weight (biopolymer, monomer is à Glucose). Amyloseacetat | Linear polymeric glucosechains are called à amylose. If this compound is treated with ethan acid one product is amylacetat. The hydroxyl group is connected with the organic acid fragment. Amylose | Polymeric non-branched starch molecule with high molecular weight (biopolymer, monomer is à Glucose). Biodegradable Plastics | Biodegradable Plastics are plastics that are completely assimilated by the à microorganisms present a defined environment as food for their energy. The carbon of the plastic must completely be converted into CO 2 during the microbial process. For an official definition, please refer to the standards e.g. ISO or in Europe: EN 14995 Plastics- Evaluation of compostability - Test scheme and specifications. [bM 02/2006 p. 34f, bM 01/2007 p38]. Blend | Mixture of plastics, polymer alloy of at least two microscopically dispersed and molecularly distributed base polymers. Carbon neutral | Carbon neutral describes a process that has a negligible impact on total atmospheric CO 2 levels. For example, carbon neutrality means that any CO 2 released when a plant decomposes or is burnt is offset by an equal amount of CO 2 absorbed by the plant through photosynthesis when it is growing. Cellophane | Clear film on the basis of à cellulose. Cellulose | Polymeric molecule with very high molecular weight (biopolymer, monomer is à Glucose), industrial production from wood or cotton, to manufacture paper, plastics and fibres. Compost | A soil conditioning material of decomposing organic matter which provides nutrients and enhances soil structure. (bM 06/2008, 02/2009) Compostable Plastics | Plastics that are biodegradable under ‘composting’ conditions: specified humidity, temperature, à microorganisms and timefame. Several national and international standards exist for clearer definitions, for example EN 14995 Plastics - Evaluation of compostability - Test scheme and specifications [bM 02/2006 p. 34f, bM 01/2007 p38]. Composting | A solid waste management technique that uses natural process to convert organic materials to CO 2 , water and humus through the action of à microorganisms [bM 03/2007]. Copolymer | Plastic composed of different monomers. Cradle-to-Gate | Describes the system boundaries of an environmental àLife Cycle Assessment (LCA) which covers all activities from the ‘cradle’ (i.e., the extraction of raw materials, agricultural activities and forestry) up to the factory gate Cradle-to-Cradle | (sometimes abbreviated as C2C): Is an expression which communicates the concept of a closed-cycle economy, in which waste is used as raw material (‘waste equals food’). Cradle-to-Cradle is not a term that is typically used in àLCA studies. Cradle-to-Grave | Describes the system boundaries of a full àLife Cycle Assessment from manufacture (‘cradle’) to use phase and disposal phase (‘grave’). Fermentation | Biochemical reactions controlled by à microorganisms or enyzmes (e.g. the transformation of sugar into lactic acid). Gelatine | Translucent brittle solid substance, colorless or slightly yellow, nearly tasteless and odorless, extracted from the collagen inside animals‘ connective tissue. Glucose | Monosaccharide (or simple sugar). G. is the most important carbohydrate (sugar) in biology. G. is formed by photosynthesis or hydrolyse of many carbohydrates e. g. starch. Humus | In agriculture, ‘humus’ is often used simply to mean mature à compost, or natural compost extracted from a forest or other spontaneous source for use to amend soil. Hydrophilic | Property: ‘water-friendly’, soluble in water or other polar solvents (e.g. used in conjunction with a plastic which is not waterresistant and weatherproof or that absorbs water such as Polyamide (PA). Hydrophobic | Property: ‘water-resistant’, not soluble in water (e.g. a plastic which is waterresistant and weatherproof, or that does not absorb any water such as Polethylene (PE) or Polypropylene (PP). LCA | Life Cycle Assessment (sometimes also referred to as life cycle analysis, ecobalance, and àcradle-to-grave analysis) is the investigation and valuation of the environmental impacts of a given product or service caused (bM 01/2009). 46 bioplastics MAGAZINE [06/09] Vol. 4

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