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01 | 2010

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Automotive GreenCore

Automotive GreenCore Composites - Structural and nonstructural components made from pulp mill micro fibres Ontario BioAuto Council The Ontario BioAuto Council, headquartered in Guelph Ontario, is an industry-led, not-for-profit organization established in 2007 to link chemicals, plastics, manufacturing, auto-parts and automotive assemblers with agriculture and forestry. The Council’s membership includes large Canadian auto-parts companies like Magna, Woodbridge Group and Canadian General Tower who manufacture and sell products around the world. The Council has attracted foreign membership from multinational industrial biotechnology, chemical and agri-business companies wanting to partner with Ontario’s manufacturing sector to develop global markets for biobased products. Examples include DuPont, Dow, and Cargill in the US; DSM in the Netherlands; and Braskem in Brazil. The Council also links industry with leading universities and provincial and international centres of research excellence in bioplastics and biocomposites. Auto21, The National Research Council of Canada and FP Innovations are a few of the important research links. The Ontario BioAuto Council established a Commercialization Fund in 2007 with initial start-up funding of million (€4 mio) from the Province of Ontario. The fund helps to diminish the risk for companies commercializing biobased products and processes using emerging green technologies (e.g. biotechnology, nanotechnology, green chemistry and material science). Funding is eligible to Ontario-based startups, small and medium enterprises and multi-national companies who typically partner with international biopolymer and biochemical suppliers in the product and market development process. The Council has demonstrated that an industry-led board can successfully use relatively small, strategically targeted incentives for manufacturing companies to kick start new markets for biobased products. The Commercialization Fund has focused on four major priorities: • Improving the global competitiveness of Ontario’s manufacturing sector – by developing new products that can better compete on price, performance and environmental footprint. • Reducing greenhouse gas emissions - by using renewablebased bioplastics, biochemicals, and high performance natural fibre composite materials that can reduce vehicle weight and improve recyclability. • Reducing the use of toxic chemicals in production processes and consumer products. • Increase market demand for bioplastics and biochemicals across industry sectors. The Council is now focusing on establishing partnerships between Ontario’s global automotive and manufacturing sectors and similar sectors in the US, Europe, Brazil and Japan. Through these partnerships it hopes to accelerate the commercialization of new technologies and build global market demand. The Ontario BioAuto Council’s vision is to make Ontario a global leader in the use of renewable biobased materials. It is well on its way to achieving this vision because of its support of global product and market development partnerships. www.bioautocouncil.com 18 bioplastics MAGAZINE [01/10] Vol. 5

Automotive Picture courtesy Peugeot Citroën Natural Fibers Biopolymers PSA Peugeot Citroën Applies www.psa-peugeot-citroen.com www.sustainability.psa-peugeot-citroen.com Green Materials Last October French automotive group PSA Peugeot Citroën presented the latest developments in its green materials plan, set up to limit the eco-footprint of Group vehicles during their service life. The Group has set an ambitious target in eco-design: to include 20% of green materials in the polymers used to build its cars by 2011. A car is made up of 70% metal, already largely recycled, 5% miscellaneous materials (glass, etc.) and 5% fluids. The rest (20%) is plastics (polymers). At PSA the term ‘green materials‘ covers natural fibres, such as linen and hemp, non-metallic recycled materials and biomaterials, which are produced using renewable resources rather than petrochemicals. The aim is to use fewer fossil fuel plastics and to increase the use of raw materials from renewable sources to make parts lighter, in some cases, to cut CO 2 emissions from plastics production and to promote plastics recycling. The Earth’s resources are dwindling, so it is important to optimise the way in which they are used. End-of-life processing is therefore factored in from the design stage. The aim is to boost recyclability and thus reduce the potential impact of end-of-life vehicles. As a minimum, 85% of a vehicle by weight can be reused or recycled, and a further 10% be used for energy recovery. The key feature of the action plan set up by PSA Peugeot Citroën in 2008 is that it concerns all Group vehicles and the three families of green materials. The green material content of each vehicle project must be increased. This approach also concerns existing vehicles, with green materials being integrated during their production life. Engineering teams are working in close cooperation with suppliers in order to select these new materials. This effort also gives new impetus to the recycled materials industry. The subject of biomaterials is still at the research stage in the automotive industry. To address the issue, scientific partnerships have been set up as part of research clusters bringing together public laboratories, chemical firms and parts suppliers. The aim of these partnerships is to accelerate the application of these materials in the automotive industry. Suppliers of biomaterials are new to the automotive industry. Therefore specifications must cover the basics from a technical and functional standpoint. The materials for example need to be suitable to be converted in an industrial process and must be available in sufficient quantity. Examples of applications include foam for seating, armrests, headrests, from vegetable polyols (castor oil, soy oil) or fuel pipes from bio-polyamide. The target of a project named MATORIA (with MOV’EO, AXELERA, PLASTIPOLIS) which is steered by PSA is the development of injectable plastics from renewable resources. 14 partners in this project include ROQUETTE and ARKEMA for the supply of bio-sourced polymers, and VISTEON, VALEO, PLASTIC OMNIUM and MECAPLAST for approval for automotive use. The project looks at 18 different applications which represent a total of about 50kg per vehicle. bioplastics MAGAZINE [01/10] Vol. 5 19

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